Flashcards in Islamic Civs Deck (26):
made up of mostly farmers and deserts
caravan city, well isolated from rivals, nomadic people there first
cubical shrine with idols inside, thought Abraham build it and it is on the spot where God asked him to sacrifice his son, Isaac
Jewish and Muslim text refer to him as a deciple of god. Thought to be creator of Islam.
orphan in uncle's care who married Khadija, a widow, and only his daughters survived. He meditated in the mountains near Mecca, and on "the night of power and excellence" angel Gabriel talked to him. Became leader of Muslim s: Messager of god
the belief in one god
the belief in many gods
1) one god and Muhammad is his messenger
2) pray 5 times a day
3) fast during Ramadan
4) praying alms
5) pilgrimage to Mecca once during life
Muslim god, loving
becoming a Muslim means you are at the will of god
"submission to the will of god"
Mohammad goes with followers because some of them prosecuted by Mecca's leaders. Start of the hijra
the beginning of the muslim calendar
community accepting of Muhammad as the 'messenger of god'
successor to previous caliph who stood as a leader for the Muslims
"house of islam" the conquests that spread the religion geogriphically
the holy book of Islam that is believed to be the word of god said to muhammad
started with Yazid, a caliph
caliph who fought in the battle of the camel against his friends and muhammad's wife. Eventually killed by Mu'awiya
Muhammad's father in law who was the first successor
believe Ali was the right heir to the prophet
"people of tradition and community" believed that the caliphs after Muhammad were rightful heirs.
started after the Umayyad Empire fell and people converted to Islam. Persan-istic, mostly Islamic, contemporary government
Harun al-Rashid's "Golden Age"
4th caliph in Abbasid. inspired learning and science study in Muslims
Mecca to Medina