Islamic Civs Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Islamic Civs Deck (26):
1

Arabian Peninsula

made up of mostly farmers and deserts

2

Mecca

caravan city, well isolated from rivals, nomadic people there first

3

Ka'ba

cubical shrine with idols inside, thought Abraham build it and it is on the spot where God asked him to sacrifice his son, Isaac

4

Abraham

Jewish and Muslim text refer to him as a deciple of god. Thought to be creator of Islam.

5

Muhammad

orphan in uncle's care who married Khadija, a widow, and only his daughters survived. He meditated in the mountains near Mecca, and on "the night of power and excellence" angel Gabriel talked to him. Became leader of Muslim s: Messager of god

6

Monotheism

the belief in one god

7

Polytheism

the belief in many gods

8

Five Pillars

1) one god and Muhammad is his messenger
2) pray 5 times a day
3) fast during Ramadan
4) praying alms
5) pilgrimage to Mecca once during life

9

Allah

Muslim god, loving

10

Islam-submission

becoming a Muslim means you are at the will of god

11

Muslim

"submission to the will of god"

12

Medina

Mohammad goes with followers because some of them prosecuted by Mecca's leaders. Start of the hijra

13

Hijra

the beginning of the muslim calendar

14

Umma

community accepting of Muhammad as the 'messenger of god'

15

Caliphate/Caliph

successor to previous caliph who stood as a leader for the Muslims

16

Dar al-Islam

"house of islam" the conquests that spread the religion geogriphically

17

Quran

the holy book of Islam that is believed to be the word of god said to muhammad

18

Umayyad Caliphate

started with Yazid, a caliph

19

Ali

caliph who fought in the battle of the camel against his friends and muhammad's wife. Eventually killed by Mu'awiya

20

Abu Bakr

Muhammad's father in law who was the first successor

21

Shi'ites

believe Ali was the right heir to the prophet

22

Sunnis

"people of tradition and community" believed that the caliphs after Muhammad were rightful heirs.

23

Abbasid Caliphate

started after the Umayyad Empire fell and people converted to Islam. Persan-istic, mostly Islamic, contemporary government

24

Harun al-Rashid's "Golden Age"

4th caliph in Abbasid. inspired learning and science study in Muslims

25

Hidjra

Mecca to Medina

26

Hajj

Medina to Mecca