Greece Flashcards Preview

Pre-Modern > Greece > Flashcards

Flashcards in Greece Deck (12):
1

Polis

didn't like each other, fought constantly

2

Limited Democracy

have to be full-blooded Athenian male to participate

3

Herodotus

historian in Athens, hammers Persians in historical records

4

Persian Wars

long wars, Marathon was first battle-Athenians defeated Persian army, man ran all the way into Athens to give news and then died,one of the most important battles in history, eventually Greeks win after last battle of Platea

5

Athens

non militaristic, beginning on democracy here

6

Sparta

militaristic, have helots-enslaved people to do all work, train to be superb militaristically,afraid to leave their land for fear of a helot uprising

7

Peloponnesian War

civil war between Athens and Sparta, Persians help Spartans because they want to weaken Greece so they can swoop in and take over, Spartans win

8

Socrates, Plato, Aristotle

philosophers of the time

9

Pericles

uses money from polises to rebuild Athens as a model city

10

Golden Age of Athens

philosophers depicted in Rafael’s school of Athens painting, people able to question government, sign of tolerance

11

Alexander the Great

tutored by Aristotle, takes over all of Greece and Persia, burns Persepholis to the ground when drunkenly partying, dies on way to India, land broken up into 3 empires

12

Hellenistic Age

Happens after Alexander the Great's death, things are made more Greek, use their architecture, model cities, Mesopotamians are being ruled by other people