Mesopotamia Flashcards Preview

Pre-Modern > Mesopotamia > Flashcards

Flashcards in Mesopotamia Deck (16):
1

River Valley Civs

civilizations created around a river that could support their agriculture and population's needs

2

City-state

city with it's own government

3

Urbanization

the creation of cities that differentiate themselves from the urban farming communities, where artisans first developed

4

Patriarchal

males are dominant in all things social and economical

5

Tigris and Euphrates Rivers

"fertile crescent" land in between these two rivers which this agriculture based civ depended on, at crossroads so good for trade, open to invasion

6

Ziggurat

stone pyramids thought to be connected with religion (no one really knows)

7

Hammurabi's Code

-must be harsh to keep people in-line, given laws from the gods -> ties himself to religion (gives him power)
- creates 3 social classes -> laws/punishments based on class
- makes life for the poor hard

8

Sumer

city-state "land of black headed people"

9

Sargon

ruler of Akkad and creates first empire

10

Ashurbanipal

creates first library

11

Cuneiform

first form of writing usually on oracle bones

12

Babylon

city "gate of god" founded by Sargon, ruled by Hammurabi, sacked by Hittites

13

Hittites

Ramsese signs peace treaty with hittites (only civ prior to dark ages who know how to make iron-- kept secret)

14

Neo-Assyrian Empire

take over where Hittites were and learn how to make iron and use it. Pulled region out of Dark Age

15

Bronze Age (semi-cosmopolitan)

happens before Dark Age. Civs became more cosmopolitan, but eventually too much so, and when one civ fell, they all fell ( all Mediterranean civilizations fell)

16

Iron Age (super-cosmopolitan

After Dark Age