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Flashcards in Egypt Deck (58)
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1

Upper Egypt was the ________ part
Lower Egypt was the ________ part

Southern
Northern

2

What did the Egyptians depend on

The Nile

3

What was the pharaoh

The ruler of two lands (upper and lower Egypt)

4

Did they believe in the afterlife

Yes

5

Anthropomorphic-
Zoomorphic-
Theriomorphic-

God represented in human form
God represented as animals
God represented as both

6

Atun

Anthropomorphic God of Heliopolis

7

Triad of Heliopolis and give a small description

Isis-husband (anthropomorphic)
Osiris-lord of the dead (anthropomorphic)
Horus-national God (theriomorphic)

8

Triad of Thebes and give a short description

Amun-eventually amun-ra (anthropomorphic)
Thoth-scribes of the gods (ibis headed) (anthropomorphic)
Anubis-in charge of mummification (theriomorphic)

9

Palette of Narmer

Slate slab
Low relief
Narmer with the white crown of upper Egypt performing a ritual
Side one is upper Egypt
Side two is lower Egypt (depicts red crown of lower Egypt)
3000 BC
Sets standard for depiction of humans for thousands of years (lower and upper body do not unite)

10

Rosetta Stone

3 languages
Hieroglyphs
Greek
Demotic- equivalent to long hand; faster

Worked out by Champollion

11

What is art in Egypt involved with

Death

12

What was believed about the spiritual world

Kyle could take material possessions to the spiritual world
A body was needed after death to survive
Preservation of the bodies (mummies)
Secure burial places

13

Mastaba

Underground pit
Protected the buried

14

Veneer

Exterior facing
Outside cover

15

Djosers funerary complex

First known monumental architecture in Egypt
Built by imhotep (first known architect by name)

16

Papyrus capital represented ________ Egypt

Upper

17

Lotus capital represented __________ Egypt

Lower

18

Khufu

The great pyramid father

19

Khafre

Limestone casing
Sphinx located in the valley of khafre

20

Menkaure

Smallest grandson
(Pyramid)

21

Statue of menkaure and his wife

Cubic (carved out of a cube)
Medium- graywacke
Queen shows tenderness(rare)
Menkaure has action pose
Pharaoh is son of the sun, therefore not human, and shows no emotion

22

Obelisk

Example: Washington monument

23

Capital (column)

Top part of a column

24

Clerestory

Clarity in between the large ceiling and small opening
Allows for air and light to pass, as well as smoke to leave due to torches

25

Ruler of Thebes

Ahmos
Created thebes
Considered golden time of Egypt

26

Hatshepsut

First female pharaoh and king
First woman ruler of mankind
Portrayed as a man

27

Funerary temple of Hatshepsut at dear-el-bahir

Architect: senenmut
All elements symmetrical along a central line

28

Axial plan

All elements are symmetrical along a dominant central line

29

Tombs of Ramses II

One for him
Other for his favorite wife Nefertari

30

Amenhotep III

Ramses II father
Best preserved mummy