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Flashcards in Rome Pt. 2 Deck (31)
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1

What book did Marcus Aurelius write?

Meditations

2

Column of Trajan

Marble
125 ft. High
Topped by gilded bronze statue of reaper or Trojan (Lost)
Snippets of scenes
Continuous Narration
2,500+ individual figures
Recurring figure of Trajan
Relies on symbolism
Imperial propaganda
Trajan: Leader. Orator. Tactician.
The Enemy: Incapable. Disorganized. Afraid.
Spiraling relief flows upward
Stretches 650+ ft.
History if the Dacian campaign

3

What does gilded mean

Lightly covered in gold

4

Basilica Ulpia

113 AD
Court of Law
Easy access in and out
Spacious interior
2 columned aisles
2nd gallery which created a clerestory

5

Parts of a Basilica

Atrium
Narthex
Nave
Aisles
Transepts
Apse

6

What does the column of Trajan illustrate

Trojans victory in the Dacian wars

7

The Pantheon

"All the gods"
Built under Hadrian
Honors the Olympic Gods
125-128 AD
Giant rotunda
Diameter of rotunda and floor are equal
Each Olympic God had an altar
Oculus
Built in the republic
Rebuilt after first one crumbled

8

Oculus

Hole at the top of a dome

9

Coffer

Sunken panels in the shape of a square in a ceiling

10

Roman Mosaics

Made of Tesserae

11

The Unswept Floor

Floor littered with refuse
Mouse eating fruit
Shadow cast to show depth
By Heracleitus

12

Hadrian and his succession and successors

Close friend of Trajan
His wife was Plotina
Trajan appoints Hadrian as emperor
Hadrian and antonious had sexual proclivities
He appoints antoninus as emperor under the condition that antoninus appoints Marcus Aurelius as emperor after

13

First Roman law

The 12 tablets

14

Diocletian and his empire

Split the empire into halves
He ruled the east and appointed maximian (Augustus) as the other emperor
Each Augustus had a heir who held the title Caesar

15

The tetrarchs

One side older than the other side
Military garb
Each clasp their sword
Togetherness
Corner of basilica
Diocletian and his 3 co-rulers
Made of porphyry

16

Arch of Constantine

Celebrates in over Maxentius at the battle of Milvan Bridge. Decorations taken from various monuments
Rounders taken from monument to Hadrian

17

Edict of Milan

313 AD
First statement of religious freedom

18

What happened in the council of Nicaea

Christendom was recognized and accepted

19

Nicean creed

Proclaimed the beliefs of Christendom

20

What was the second capital of the empire

Constantinople

21

Where do most 2D art paintings come from?

Pompeii

22

What style are the columns in the pantheon

Corinthian

23

Encaustic

Form of art in which a dead person is drawn onto a piece of wood with colored wax

24

Pax Romana

Roman peace

25

Who was Galen

A surgeon. His book on anatomy and physiology was used for many others

26

Fall of Rome

Odoacer takes over rome

27

Architect of the forum of Trajan

Apollodorus

28

Name of cubes to make mosaics

Tesserae

29

Father of Trajan

Nerva

30

Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius

Originally Gilded
176 AD
Military Commander
Raised leg of horse = Trampled a barbarian
Beard = Wisdom
Philosopher
No Armor
He IS power
Hands Raised = Orator
Model for future sculptures because of the perfection of balance of size between man and horse
Stoic
Bronze