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1

Difference between Romanesque and gothic architecture

Romanesque: Horizontal, modest height, multiple units, rounded arch, piers and walls, barrel and groin vaults, dark, solemn, simple, severe, damnation

Gothic: vertical, soaring, unified, unbroken space, pointed arch, exterior buttresses, ribbed groin vaults, airy bright stained glass windows, richly decorated with sculpture, salvation

2

High Renaissance vs. Mannerism

Normal vs. abnormal
Direct vs. elaborate
Controlled vs. disjointed
Harmonious vs. conflicted
Normative vs. uncanonical
Easily posed vs. tensely posed
Balance vs. contrasted
Natural vs. artificial

3

Technical term for a vaulted, semicircular recess at the end of an aisle, a chapel, or the chancel of a church

Apse

4

The most important forces that influence the development of Romanesque architecture

Pilgrimages and monasticism

5

The greatest center of pilgrimage in the late Middle Ages was?

Santiago de compostela

6

In the Middle Ages, which language did scholars in Western Europe generally use

Latin

7

The distinguishing feature of many Romanesque churches is?

Barrel vaults

8

The model for charlemagnes architectural Renaissance was?

San vitale

9

This woven document narrates the events in the Norman conquest of Britain

Bayeaux tapestry

10

Name of the notable sculptor responsible for much of the monumental sculpture at autun cathedral

Gislebertus

11

Anything that is used as container for memorabilia of a saint of the Catholic Church

Reliquary

12

This architectural structure proved to be a useful addition to Romanesque churches

Ambulatories

13

A unique architectural feature in Italian Romanesque churches which will continue into the gothic period

The independent campanille

14

It is in this cathedral that the elements of the gothic reach their most perfect harmony

Chartres

15

An important new technique in the paintings of Giotto

Atmospheric perspective

16

This cathedral was the intellectual center of Western Europe during the late Middle Ages

Notre dame in Paris

17

A unique peculiarity of this monumental gotchic cathedral in France is that its twin spire are uneven and different in style

Chartres

18

We say that the gothic was born between 1137 and 1144 under the leader ship of?

Abbot sugger

19

Which was the first country to adopt the gothic outside of France

England

20

The great difference between the Romanesque theme and the gothic theme

Damnation vs. salvation

21

The two great centers of the late Italian gothic period are?

Florence and siena

22

This architectural element became a standard of gothic church decoration

Column statues

23

Giottos masterpiece frescos are found in the?

Arena chapel in Padua

24

This philosopher was able to integrate faith and reason in what came to be known as scholastic philosophy

Saint Thomas aquinas

25

This sculpture is also a metaphor of the miraculous victory of right over wrong

David

26

This fresco by lorenzitti in Siena is considered the first panoramic work in western art

The effects of good government

27

The patron family of Florence in the 15th century was the?

Medicis

28

The work of Renaissance painters benefitted from the invention of what medium

Oils

29

The subject matter of botticellis Spring is?

Mythology

30

Technical term for the use of light and shade in a painting

Chiaroscuro