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Art Term 3 Exam > Egyptian > Flashcards

Flashcards in Egyptian Deck (23)
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1

What was the main purpose of Egyptian art

It was created for religious purposes. It was influenced by their belief in magic.

2

What did their religious beliefs emphasise

The existence of invisible superhuman forces

3

What did they have to do to access the positive influences if the superhuman forces

They had to make it visible through depicting it. These representations were given divine power through the rituals and were then seen as an eternal vision of the god, person, object or event

4

What were decorated tombs and sarcophagi created for

Death and life after death. The immortals spirit ka had to have a picture of sculpture t come back in case the mummified body deteriorated completely

5

Who had an influence on how artist represented religious imagery

Priests

6

How did artists represent everything

In a naturalistic way, but according to a set of rules

7

What were the rules seen as a standard for

Beaut, dignity and ethical attitude that would fit the nobility of the gods

8

What were the rules

No personal interpretations or scenes representing an instantaneous moments

9

What was art supposed to portray

Eternal truths

10

What was the sculpture of art based on

Mathematical framework that related t the Egyptian’s understanding of the universe as a cubic space.

11

Where were sculptures designed to be viewed from

The front

12

Why did they start create complete 3D sculptures

Because the belief that the sculpture was a replacement for the real figure strengthened

13

Why was stone seen as the best material for sculptures

Because it symbolised eternity through its durability and the Egyptians had access to a large variety of stones

14

What stone did they have

Limestone, sandstone, granite, diorite

15

What other materials were used fro sculpting, and what kind of sculptures

Wood, clay and bronze were used to sculpt people who were not of noble class

16

Where were statues commissioned to be put up

In tombs and to a lesser extent in temples where the rites of the dead king were supposed to be celebrated for eternity.

17

What did the pharaoh Mycerinus commission

A series of statues for the valley temple at the beginning of the processional way to his pyramid. One statue portrayed him and his wife Khamererbebty

18

What was the statue of Mycerinus made out of

Greywacke

19

What is greywacke

A combination of different hard limestones. It is 1,38 m tall and dates back to around 2599 BC

20

How are the statue of Mycerinus as his wife depicted

Wearing simple regalia. The king has a linen headdress, a false beard (symbolising divinity) an is dressed in a royal kilt. The queen is dressed in a thin sheath robe with a thick stylised hairstyle

21

How is the divinity of the statues of kind Mycerinus emphasised

Through the rich colours of paint that used to decorate

22

What strengthens the statue of Mycerinus and his wife

They are both standing upright. The vertical lines of their arms legs and torsos is contrasted by the horizontal lines of the king’s belt and the queen’s arm.

23

What makes a sculpture seem rigid and upright

Being part of the block from which they were carved