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What did the people of Greece become

The seafaring nation


Why did Greece become a seafaring nation

Because of its central position and because it had lots of natural harbours, dry mountain terrain and mild Mediterranean weather


What did being the seafaring nation help them to do

They had contact with a wide variety of cultures from the other countries with whom they traded and learnt about agriculture and metalwork techniques


What was the Bronze Age

The establishment of the first cities in this area


What was the Minoan period

A culture specific to the region around Crete developed and dominated the region around 2500 BC


When did the Cretan culture collapse

After a volcanic eruption around 1400-1500BC


Who took advantage of the collapse of the Cretans

The Myecenaeans from the mainland of Greece


What was the Mycenaean culture

A culture cased on warfare


What happened to the money that the Mycenaean warlords were gathering

It was not being shared


Who were the Myecenaeans overthrown by

The Dorian tribes or groups within its own tribe


When did the first monumental freestanding sculpture appear

In the army stages of the archaic period


What were the kouros

The male statues


What were the kore

The female statues


What did the kouros wear

They were nude


What did the kore wear

The were clothed


Why did the Greeks create these sculptures

The reason was not always clear. Sometimes there were funerary monument while others were found in sanctuaries where they were placed as offerings to the gods.


What did these statues represent

They did not represent specific people or god, but rather the idea of youthfulness and vigour (a stage of life that humans experience for a short period of time, while gods experience it eternally). The young men may also have represented self-confidence and pride in physical appearance associated with a male dominated society where the superiority of male strength and beauty was constantly admired and celebrated.


What did the use of youth as subject matter and the increasing attempts at portraying people in a naturalistic style lead to

It led to the archaic artists portraying idealistic versions of young men and women and avoiding the portrayal of specific people


Who was one of the famous kouroi

Kouros from Tenea. He was a funerary monument.


What are the characteristics of the Greek sculptures

Rigid attitude, clenched fists, arms next to body, one foot slightly forward, raised heat looking strait ahead


What aspects of the kouros are emphasised and what do they contribute to

Broad shoulders, developed pectoral and calf muscles, narrowness of waist and the roundness of the things and buttocks all contribute to the athletic look of the statue


What is the defined facial features

The archaic smile and the impassive stare and stylised long flowing hair


what are the different stages of Greece

Archaic period
Classical period
Hellenistic period
Late Hellenistic or Greco-roman period


What was the piece of classical architecture

The Parthenon


What were most significant buildings

Shrines or temples to the gods


What did statues on the buildings communicate

Important aspects about the gods the buildings honoured


Where did the Greeks derive the use if the post and lintel technique from

The Egyptians


What did the Greek do differently to the Egyptians

They turned the Egyptian buildings inside out by using the columns as support for the outer framework of the rope.


What was the main purpose of the Parthenon

To house the Greek go, Athena


How does the parthenon differ from other Greek temples

It is wider, 8 columns instead of 6. It has 2 windowless chanmbers