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Art Term 3 Exam > Roman Architecture > Flashcards

Flashcards in Roman Architecture Deck (46)
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1

What did the romans and the Greeks have in common

Easy access to the sea was important to their trade and colonisation with other areas

2

What was earlier construction dominated by

Construction of building for religious purposes

3

What was the purpose of the roman buildings

Solving practical problems that were a part of everyone’s lives.

4

What sort of practical buildings did they build

Aqueducts, roads, bridges, sewer systems, public baths and basilicas

5

What did roman aqueducts do

The provided clean drinking water and were connected to indoor sewer systems in order to carry water away from cities. It also supplied water to bath houses

6

What were the roman public baths

Warm water was supplied from underground hot springs, but water had to be heated during the day

7

What was one of Rome’s most important contribution

Development of arches, vaults and domes

8

What did the development of arches, vaults and domes mark

An architectural revolution

9

What was wrong with the post and kingdom system

It placed a lot of strain of the weight of the roof on the columns

10

What did the post and lintel system restrict

The size and height of a building

11

How were domes created

Through the development of arches vaults and cross vaults

12

What was the resale of this building system (using domes, arches and vaults)

The weight was transmitted into the supportive walls, so buildings were not dependant on supporting columns as structural elements anymore. This meant that buildings could be taller and the walls could be thinner.

13

What were columns used for after the invention of the arch

Decorative elements

14

Did the romans invent concrete

No

15

What did the romans do with the materials used to make concrete

They exploited them and developed their own type of concrete with which they produced strong walls

16

What was the first mortar they produced like

It was fast drying, which made building with it difficult.

17

What did the slow-drying mortar help the romans to do

Expand the potential of the use of the arch and the vault to cover larger spaces without any interior space

18

What is the pantheon

A well-preserve temple that was built under instruction of the emperor Hadrian on site of an earlier temple, that was dedicated to all the gods

19

What was the pantheon dedicated to

All the gods

20

What does the front of the pantheon look like

It consists of a traditional rectangular colonnaded porch and a tall middle block

21

What were the 16 columns made from

Red and black Egyptian granite with bases and capitals of which Greek marble.

22

What originally decorate the front pediment

An eagl

23

What were the middle block and the rotunda made out of

Concrete cove rent in marble

24

What do the designs of the main hall in the form of

An enormous rotunda

25

What did the designs of the main hall symbolise

Mathematical harmony

26

How were the designs of the main hall possible to construct

With the availability of slow-drying concrete

27

What is the rotunda a combination of

A circle a cylinder and a sphere.

28

What were the measurements of the cylindrical base

44m

29

What was the height of of the whole structure (rotunda)

44m

30

What does it mean that the dome on the pantheon is a perfect hemisphere

It means that a whole sphere would fit inside the pantheon