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What time period is the word ‘renaissance’ used to describe

The time period from the 14th to the 16th centuries in Europe


When did the renaissance happen in Italy

During the late Middle Ages


What did the renaissance represent

a gradual shift of people’s thoughts and views of life from the Middle Ages


What are some of the factors that led to the renaissance in Italy

•Italy was strewn with remnants of the Roman Empire. It rediscovered writing, philosophy, art and architecture of the Greek and romans. They began to see the classical world as a golden age which held the answer to reinvigorating their society
• the fall of Constantinople in 145 at the hard of the Ottoman Turk, cause Greek scholars to flee to Italy and they encouraged interest in the classical civilisation
• the northern Italian cities benefited from trade with the east through voyages of Marco Polo and became wealthy
• the feudal system in Italy dissolves which led to the establishment of national states
• a power shift occurred from aristocracy to the rich financiers. In Florence the banking family of the Medici played an important role in patronising and stimulating the arts


What does renaissance mean

The Italian humanist called this new tree the rinascimento, meaning rebirth of the classical


During the idle ages, what had an all embracing influence on all aspects of European life and art



What did people interests shift to during the renaissance

From spiritual to humane


What changed about how the human body was seen

Before it was seen as evil and seductive, but was now seen as beautiful and created according to god’s image.


What did people start believing about Christianity

That they could have personal relationships with god


What is humanism

It means the emphasis is on what it is to be a human being- an emphasis on spiritual and intellectual capabilities


What happened with the shift in philosophy

There was a renewed interest in the classical civilisations (Greek and roman)


What did humanism mean to people

It meant that they could improve themselves: physically, morally, spiritually and aesthetically.


What did humanists celebrate

The mid, beauty power and enormous potential of human beings


What did the resistance with its humanism effect

Literature, philosophy, politics, art, science, religion and other aspects of intellectual inquiry


What did curiosity lead to

Scientific research (Copernicus) and voyages and discoveries


What did the advent of moveable type printing in the 15th century mean

That ideas could be spread easily and an increasing number of book were written for the public.


What did renaissance authors begin using

Vernacular languages such as Italian


What are the characteristics of the renaissance

The rediscovery of the classical civilisations, the development of the individual, greater freedom or though and a general curiosity regarding humans and their world


What are the characteristics of renaissance ART

• observation and copying of the world
• perspective (mainly linear) by the architect, Brunelleschi. 3D space and depth
• centralisation or composition often occurred weren’t the most important figure was placed in the middle
• triangular, pyramidal and tondo (round) compositions were preferred
• used classical elements in the concrete
• remarkable technical ability made perfect naturalism possible
• shape and line were initially the most important art elements. Colour only became important later of
• subject matter was mainly religious, but an increasing secularisation took place
• ideas of universal man
• calm, balance and harmony
• fortunes look solid and display real emotion
• figures often idealised although naturalistic


How were shapes created

By chiaroscuro - balance of light and dark


What is an example of a renaissance painting

The engagement of the virgin, Raphael


Who was Giotto

First in a line of greats artists who contributed to the Italian Renaissance.


What is an example of one of giotto’s paintings

The lamentation: shows the life of Virgin Mary and the life of Christ. All in foreground, but show emotion, not very 3D


Porto renaissance



Early renaissance

Masaccio and Botticelli


Masaccio painting

The tribute money. More 3D, perspective, foreground, middle ground, background. Emotion is shown


Who was Botticelli

Italian painter in Florence during early renaissance


Botticelli painting

The birth of Venus. Form and skin is showing, lots of expression, very 3D, all in foreground


High renaissance

Leonardo da vinci


Leonardo da Vinci painting

The last supper, expression is shown, depth, perspective