Elements of Wine Flashcards Preview

WSET ® Level 1 Wine > Elements of Wine > Flashcards

Flashcards in Elements of Wine Deck (12)
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1
Q

At its basic level, what is wine?

A

Wine is an alcoholic beverage made from fermented grape juice.

2
Q

In order for fermentation to occur, what must be present?

A

Yeast, as well as sugars.

3
Q

What is done to grapes to release their juice?

A

They are crushed.

4
Q

What are the two dominant types of grapes for making wine?

A

White grapes and black grapes.

5
Q

What do black grape skins contain?

A

Tannin

As well as color and flavor compounds.

6
Q

How do tannins feel on your palate?

A

Dry and astringent.

7
Q

What color is the skin of white grapes?

A

Golden

8
Q

The pulp of the grape contains…

A

Water, sugar, and acid.

9
Q

What does ABV stand for?

A

Alcohol By Volume

This is the measure of how much alcohol is in a wine, expressed as a percentage.

10
Q

What are the by-products of fermentation?

A

Alcohol (ethanol) and Carbon Dioxide (CO2).

11
Q

What are the microscopic organisms responsible for fermentation?

A

Yeast

12
Q

At what percentage does alcoholic fermentation usually stop?

A

15%

Most yeast cannot survive at a percentage higher than this.