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WSET ® Level 1 Wine > Elements of Wine > Flashcards

Flashcards in Elements of Wine Deck (12)
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1

At its basic level, what is wine?

Fermented grape juice.

2

In order for fermentation to occur, what must be present?

Yeast, as well as sugars.

3

What is done to grapes to release their juice?

They are crushed.

4

What are the two dominant types of grapes for making wine?

White grapes and black grapes.

5

What do black grape skins contain?

Tannin

As well as color and flavor compounds.

6

How do tannins feel on your palate?

Dry and astringent.

7

What color is the skin of white grapes? 

Golden

8

The pulp of the grape contains...

Water, sugar, and acid.

9

What does ABV stand for?

Alcohol By Volume

This is the measure of how much alcohol is in a wine, expressed as a percentage.

10

What are the by-products of fermentation?

Alcohol (ethanol) and Carbon Dioxide (CO2).

11

What are the microscopic organisms responsible for fermentation?

Yeast

12

At what percentage does alcoholic fermentation usually stop?

15%

Most yeast cannot survive at a percentage higher than this.