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Flashcards in Grape Varieties Deck (12)
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List the principal white grape varieties

  • Chardonnay
  • Sauvignon blanc
  • Pinot grigio
  • Riesling


List the principal black grape varieties

  • Cabernet sauvignon
  • Merlot
  • Pinot noir
  • Syrah/shiraz


Describe the characteristics of a cool climate chardonnay.

  • High acidity
  • Light to medium-bodied
  • Green fruit
  • Citrus aromas


Describe the characteristics of a warm climate chardonnay.

  • Medium acidity
  • Medium to full body
  • Stone fruit flavors
  • Tropical fruit flavors

True or False:

Chardonnay can be used in the making of Champagne.


It is often blended with pinot noir in Champagne.


Describe some of the characteristics of wine made from sauvignon blanc grapes.

  • High acidity
  • Medium-bodied wines
  • Aromas of green fruit
  • Citrus aromas and flavors
  • Herbaceous aromas and flavors

They are often fermented in stainless steel tanks instead of oak.


What country is pinot grigio mainly associated with?


High acidity, light body and simple pear and lemon flavors make up a typical wine produced with pinot grigio.

True or False:

Riesling only produces wines that are sweet.


Riesling produces wines that range from dry to sweet but always have high acidity.

They are often fermented in stainless steel tanks.


What are some characteristics of cabernet sauvignon wines?

  • Dry wines
  • High levels of tannins and acidity
  • Medium to full bodied
  • Black fruit aromas
  • Herbaceous notes 

These wines are often matured in oak and blended with other grape varieties due to the high level of tannins.


Describe the typical characteristics of a merlot wine.

  • Generally dry
  • Medium to full-bodied wines
  • Medium acidity and tannins
  • A range of flavors and aromas from red fruits to black fruits

They are often matured in oak.

True or False:

Pinot noir is the principal black grape in New Zealand


Wines produced with pinot noir tend to be dry and light bodied with low tannin levels.

They have red fuit flavors and are often matured in oak.


What are the characteristics of wines produced with syrah/shiraz?

  • Dry wines
  • medium to full bodied
  • high tannins
  • medium acidity

The wines produced in France are medium-bodied with fresh black fruit and pepper aromas, while the wines produed in warmer regions such as Australia are more full-bodied with jammy black fruit and liquorice flavors.