EMB 1 Renal embryology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in EMB 1 Renal embryology Deck (24)
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1

What is the main type of cell layer for kidneys?

lateral to?

also turns into what system?

2

urogenital system?

urogenital ridge is what?

what will it form?

these give rise to what?

3

Three sets of nephric structures?

from urogenital ridge to metanephros?

4

The Pronephros 

appear when?

location?

open into what caudally? 

degenerates when?

what remains?

pronephros are important because?

5

The mesonephros 

appear when?

location?

includes what structures?

which one develops first?

forms from what?

6

Mesonephric tubules 

form what?

function as what during what time frame?

stops functioning when?

7

The metanephros

arises when?

what structure induces formation?

what is formed from this?

Metanephros is comprised of what 2 structures?

functional by what week?

8

Uretic bud and the collecting system

how is the renal pelvis formed?

which communicates to which?

what becomes the ureter?

are primitive kidneys smooth or rough?

cranial part of bud branches make what?

 

9

Nephron development

steps 1 through 5

Nephron comes from?

collecting tubules from?

10

Vasculature and ascent of the kidneys 

what rotates?

what do they migrate up to and by what week?

receive blood supply form?

 

11

12

congenital anomalies of the kidneys/ureters

Unilateral renal agenesis

more frequent in? symptoms? suspected in?

What caused it?

Bilateral renal agenesis

Symptoms? often seen with?

duplications

What is it? types?

 

13

Congenital anomalies of the kidneys/ureters?

Horseshoe kidney

fusion of what? symptoms? ascent is blocked by?

Accessory renal vessels

what is it? how common? more common arteries or veins? can obstruct what? why important if damaged?

14

Congenital kidney diseases

Polycystic kidney disease

mutation of what? dominant recessive? cysts in which kidney?  causes what?

Multicystic dysplastic kidney disease

what is it? cysts are what? which kidney affected?

15

bladder comes from what?

what parts does this have? 

what does each part form?

ventral cloaca contains what?

what separates these regions?

 

16

urogenital development

what happens at weeks 4-6?

what is then also attached?

this does what?

then what happens?

this forms what?

17

bladder development

develops mainly from what?

germ layer from:

epithelium, submucosa/muscularis, trigone

bladder is continuous with?

this will do what?

18

Congenital anomalies of the bladder 

exstrophy of the bladder

more prominent in? arises what week? from what? what is it?

Epispadias 

more prominent in? what is it?

 

19

urachal anomalies 

urachal cysts?

urachal sinus?

Urachal fistula?

20

Suprarenal gland

produce what?

positioned where?

surrounded by?

21

The suprarenal gland

Cortex

what zones? which zone produces what?

medulla

forms what? consists of what type of cells? derived from what?

secretes what?

22

23

development of the suprarenal gland

1. what week what happens

2. then what happens and it forms what?

germ layers of:

capsule, cortex, medulla

24

development of the suprarenal gland

3. when?

what is important about the fetal cortex?