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Flashcards in PHYS 1 body fluid compartments Deck (36)
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1

what 3 main locations does water occupy in the human body?

what amount of volume makes up each compartment?

ECF can be broken down further to what?

what is the rule of thumb?

2

what fluid is acted on directly to control volume and composition?

this can regulate what?

extracellular fluid is intermediary between what?

 

3

fluids intake vs output

4

Third spacing

what is it?

often results from?

 

5

fluid compartments are separated by what?

this allows what type of movement

6

Composition of body fluids

ECF vs ICF

3 things that differ

what is the primary cation and anion in ECF vs ICF

 

7

electrolytes vs nonelectrolytes?

electrolytes have higher osmotic power why?

8

9

osmolality vs osmolarity

what is the approximate osmolality of all fluid compartments?

Na, Cl, Creatinine, BUN, Albumin, Osmo normal ranges real quick

10

ECF is in what?

ICF is in what?

ECF volume loss result in what?

ECF volume gain result in? 

11

hematocrit is what?

normal?

ECF volume loss results in?

ECF volume gain results in?

ICF volume loss results in?

ICF volume gain results in?

12

How to measure volume comparing two solutions?

for ECF and ICF what do you use?

13

14

Gibbs-Donnan effect

what is it?

15

counteracting the gibbs-donnan effect

16

what force mainly causes water movement between ICF and ECF?

what is responsible for ECF and ICF movement?

what factors make free movement of fluid possible?

17

what would cause filtration?

absorption? 

what is plasma colloid osmotic pressure?

18

Edema

2 things that can cause this?

19

4 forces that determine if fluid moves out or in?

formula?

20

Tonicity is what?

3 types of solutions as pertained to tonicity

what is NaCl concentration equal to in each?

what will happen to net movement in each?

21

Replacement therapy fluids

2 different types?

 

22

23

measuring plasma (serum) osmolarity

formula?

easy one?

easy one-  plasma osmolarity = 2(plasma [Na])

24

ECF

changes in Na balance lead to?

changes in H20 balance leads to?

25

dehydration

occurs due to?

common reasons?

split into two types?

26

Hyponatremic Dehydration

sodium?

water will move where?

Na and serum osmolarity down or up?

27

Hypernatremic dehydration

Na?

ECF vs ICF?

what happens to serum osmolarity and Na?

28

Hyponatremia vs hypernatremia symptoms

 

29

fluid shift characteristics

volume contraction vs expansion

also body fluid osmolarity (whether they cause)

30

Darrow-yannet diagrams

X-axis?

y-axis?

solid line tells what?

dotted line tells what?