GA 1 Renal Anatomy and Histology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in GA 1 Renal Anatomy and Histology Deck (35)
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1

Organs of the urinary system?

kidneys do what?

what makes up the urinary tract?

2

Kidney location anterior

which side is lower?

general location?

Renal hilum?

general size?

3

Kidney location posterior

left hilum is near?

what does this run through?

lie deep to?

location of right kidney?

4

Renal Fat

3 regions?

where are they?

5

Capsule?
Renal lobes?

 

6

renal and ureter arteries 

Renal?

Ureter?

7

Renal blood supply flow chart

starting with aorta

8

Renal nerve plexus

Sympathetic innervation?

parasympathetic?

what do they run with?

9

urine carrying unit is made of?

what does each comprise of?

 

10

what is the shading?

what is the red ball?

11

Cortex contains what?

medulla consists of what?

cortical (medullary) rays?

renal interstitium contain what?

what do those produce?

12

Renal corpuscle 

is made of what?

what are either made of?

(general structure and layers)

13

what are the poles of the renal corpuscles?

14

Glomerular endothelium

open/closed?

thick what?

large numbers of?

can generate?

15

Podocytes?

forms part of?

how many layers of cells?

projections?

slits?

16

17

filtration membrane

between what?

Filtration slits?

basement membrane?

does what?

filtration rate?

18

glomerular basement membrane

made up of what?

types of barriers?

restricts what?

What would albumin in blood tell you?

19

mesangial cells

what do they do?

control what?

prevents?

secretes?

 

20

Proximal convoluted tubule

found where?

active?

epithelium?

abundant?

how to increase surface area?

proximal straight tubule?

21

Loop of henle

location?

epithelium?

sets up what?

22

distal convoluted tubule

located where?

epithelium?

begins where?

what influences resorption?

23

collecting ducts

receive what?

epithelium

function?

location?

what is a papillary duct?

24

Collecting tubules/ducts

does what?

distinguishing characteristic for histo?

cell types?

what targets these cells?

25

Types of capillary beds?

 

26

Juxtaglomerular apparatus

juxtaglomerular cells?

Macula densa?

 

27

epithelium of urinary tract?

found where?

nuclei?

states?

28

transitional epithelium (urothelium)

lines what?

layers?
what helps when stretched?

how?

divets in the inner part?

29

ureters

long (fill in blank) tube 

exits where?

layers of muscularis?

adventitia?

30

Urinary bladder

location?

capacity?

expanded vs empty location

trigone?

bladder wall line with?

detrusor muscle?