Embalming lab manual notes (power point) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Embalming lab manual notes (power point) Deck (52):
1

The father of US/modern embalming

Dr. Thomas Holmes

2

The left carotid sheath includes

Left common carotid artery and, left Vegus nerve, left jugular vein

3

Superficialis

Noting a superficial artery, vein or nerve, or other structure near the body surface

4

Fat is also known as

Corpulence

5

Proximal

Anatomically going towards the body

6

Distal

Anatomically going away from the body

7

Bifurcate

To divide into two equal sized branches

8

Abut

To touch or contact as with the tarsal plates of the closed eyelids

9

Inner canthus

Eminence at the medial corner of the closed eyelids

10

Articulation

Place or union between two or more bones

11

Nasal cavity

The space between the roof of the mouth and the floor of the cranial cavity

12

Oral cavity

The mouth and the vestibule or the opening to the throat

13

Buccal cavity

The vestibule of the oral cavity; the space between the lips, gums and teeth

14

What is the correct anatomical term for a double chin?

Buccula

15

Sclera

The white portion of the eye

16

Retina

Inner lining of the eye that receives the images formed by the lens and transmits those images to the brain through the optic nerve

17

Cornea

Transparent part of the tunic of the eyeball that covers the iris and pupil and admits light into the interior

18

Conjunctiva

Mucous membrane that lines the eyelid and covers the white portion of the eye

19

Iris

A thin, circular structure in the eye, responsible for controlling the diameter and size of the pupils and thus the amount of light reaching the retina. "Eye color" is the color of the iris

20

Canalization

Formation of new channels in tissue. Pathological/physiological

21

Channeling

Restorative treatment usually accompanied by aspiration, gravitation, or external pressure to remove gases or excess liquid from tissues; passages are made through the tissues with a scalpel, hypodermic needle, or trocar.
Man-made

22

Cavitation

The formation of cavities in organ or tissue; frequently seen in some forms of tuberculosis
Pathological

23

Lumen

The hollow space within an artery, vein, intestine, or anatomical tubelike structure

24

The further away from the heart the _______ the lumen

Smaller

25

Arch of the aorta

The center of embalming circulation

26

Since the arch of aorta is the center of the embalming circulation it is imperative to select an injection site

As close as possible to the arch

27

Right atrium of the heart

Center of venous drainage. The juncture of the superior and inferior vena cava

28

Displacement

Blood drainage is removed by the arterial solution pushing the blood forward towards the open drainage

29

What's more problematic? Injection or drainage, why?

Drainage is more problematic because it is indirect pressure; and injection is direct pressure

30

We should always drain from what side?

Right

31

The father of embalming

Dr. Fredrick Ruysh

32

All incisions used in arterial injection should be limited to

No more than 3"

33

Best artery to inject the arm

Axillary artery

34

Each subclavian artery gives off 4 branches:

1) left and right vertebral
2) left and right internal mammary
3) left and right costocervical
4) left and right thyrocervical

35

The arch of the aorta has 3 branches:

-right brachiocephalic (aka innominate)
- left common carotid
- left subclavian

36

There is no left ____________ artery

Brachiocephalic

37

The branches of the descending thoracic aorta supplies blood to the

Thoracic organs and tissues

38

The branches of the descending abdominal aorta supplies blood to the

Abdominal organs and tissues

39

The descending abdominal artery bifurcates into the

Right and left common iliac arteries

40

The internal iliac artery is a branch off of the

Common iliac artery

41

Superior to the internal iliac artery is the

Common iliac artery

42

Inferior to the internal iliac artery is the

External iliac artery

43

The external iliac artery is an extension of the

Common iliac artery

44

The external iliac artery terminates at the _____________ ligament where it becomes the ___________ artery

Inguinal, femoral

45

Common causes of desiccation marks

– Razor burn
– Drainage forceps
– Drain tube
– Aneurysm hooks

46

Desiccation marks

Areas of embalmed tissue where excessive dehydration has occurred.

47

Incisions/sutures maybe seen at the following injection sites

-right and left common carotids
-right and left ulnar arteries
-right and left radial arteries

48

Another name for autopsy

postmortem examination or necropsy

49

Drainage is more problematic than injection because it is_______ pressure and injection is_________pressure.

Indirect, direct

50

All arteries in the living body has oxygenated blood except the

Pulmonary arteries

51

All veins in a living body carry Deoxygenated blood except for the

Pulmonary veins

52

From the bottom of the descending abdominal aorta up the veins are___________ and the arteries are__________Then they twist and it is reversed

Superficial, deep