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Year 3 Human Disease > emergencies and collapse > Flashcards

Flashcards in emergencies and collapse Deck (8):
1

presentation of collapse 4

loss of consciousness LOC
deteriorating consciousness
difficulty breathing/ chest pain
convulsions

2

2 common causes of collapse in dentistry

syncope
hypoglycaemia

3

*TABLE*
what is included in basic life support BLS

airways breathing circulation

4

4 probs with airway in unconscious pt

no pharyngeal reflexes
cannot protect own airway
loss of muscle tone
foreign bodies

5

symptoms in conscious pt of
a. partial airway obstruction
b. complete airway obstruction

a. partial airway obstruction: noisy air flow, snoring/ crowing
b. complete airway obstruction: silent

6

4 things involved in airway management

-call for help inc AED (defib)
-clear upper airway (suction)
-triple airway manoevre: jaw thrust, head tilt, chin lift
-oral airway

7

how to deal with airway obstruction 5

suction
5 back blows
5 abdominal thrusts (Heimlich manoevre)
LOC --> BLS
cricothyroidotomy in extreme circumstances

8

chest compressions
a. depth
b. rate/min
c. compression phase as % of cycle
d. compression:breath ratio

a. depth: 5-6cm / 1/3 depth of chest
b. rate/min: 100-12-
c. compression phase as % of cycle: 50%
d. compression:breath ratio: 30:2