Flashcards in End of Year Exam Review Period 2 Deck (75)
an account by someone who witnessed an event; examples include: letters, diaries, court documents, etc.
Rivers, valleys, mountains, and deserts are examples of
Early people would look for a location near enough __________________ and ________________ as they decided where to settle.
Farming allowed people to build permanent ______________.
List three materials that people used to make clothing and cloth.
wool, plant fibers, animal skins
What was the Law of the Twelve Tables?
Rome's first written law code
_______ were built around cities to protect the inhabitants from attack.
an account of an event created by someone who did NOT witness the event; examples include textbooks and encyclopedia articles
Societies with many natural _____________ could build cities and armies and develop trade.
Using large animals greatly improved the ability of people to __________, which increased their chances of survival.
Despite the growth of cities, Mesopotamian society was still based on ___________.
The army of __________ defeated all the city-states of Sumer and conquered northern Mesopotamia.
A king known as ___________ became a legendary figure in Sumerian literature.
Sumerians believed that the ________ could bring a good harvest or a terrible flood.
Menes wore a double crown to symbolize ____________.
his rule over Upper and Lower Egypt
Why did the Egyptians fill tombs with art, jewelry, and other treasures?
for the afterlife
Pyramids are ________ that were built for the ________.
a series of rulers from the same family
Ramses the Great is remembered as a great ___________ and a great ___________.
What did Shi Huangdi do that shows he was a follower of legalism?
created strict laws and harsh punishments
What was the effect of all people in China using the same coins and the same writing system?
trade became easier
Why did Shi Huangdi have the Great Wall of China built?
protection from invaders
“Rule of the people” describes which type of government?
Name the type of government that started in Athens.
Explain why it was not possible for most juries to come to a tie.
odd number of members
What is the name for the type of democracy that allows citizens to directly participate in the government?
What did lyric poets do while reciting their poems?
played the lyre
Name the leader who founded (started) the Persian Empire.
Cyrus the Great
Why was Darius angry with the Greeks?
they aided a rebellion