Flashcards in Final Exam Review period 2 Deck (49)
______________ were built around cities to protect the inhabitants from attack.
A series of rulers from the same family
The belief in one god
People who are said to receive messages from god to share with others
“Rule of the people” describes which type of government?
What were Spartan boys trained to be?
Philip was able to defeat the Greeks because the Greeks refused to ___________________ to fight against Philip.
What is the name of Philip’s son who took over as leader after Philip’s death?
What is the name of the famous building that was built on the Athenian acropolis?
Name the group of people who challenged the idea that the actions of gods and goddesses caused events in the world.
What did philosophers believe the human mind could do?
Think, explain, and understand life
What did the plebeians do that caused the patricians to change the government?
Elected their own officials
What stops one part of government from having more power than the others?
Checks and balances
After the Gracchus brothers were killed, Romans began to see that ____________________ could be used as a _______________________.
Violence; political weapon
What was the main purpose of Roman roads?
For armies to travel
Hindus belief that if a person has good ___________, they will be born into a higher caste in the next life.
Many people from the lower classes liked the Buddha because he was opposed to the ______________________.
People who work to spread their religious beliefs
The Zhou kings believed that _____________ gave them the power to rule.
Which Chinese belief system taught that it was important to live in harmony with nature?
What did Shi Huangdi do that shows he was a follower of legalism?
He created harsh laws and strict punishments
What was the effect of all people in China using the same coins and the same writing system?
Trade became easier
Why did Shi Huangdi have the Great Wall of China built?
Protect China from invaders
Because silk was popular in Rome, China became ______________________.
Name the philosopher who wanted Romans to support the Senate.
After Pompey asked Caesar to give up power, Caesar led his army across the Rubicon River into ______________________________.
The agora was a marketplace that was also used for _______________________ and _____________________ meetings.
Explain why it was not possible for most juries to come to a tie.
Odd number of members
What did lyric poets do while reciting their poems?
Played the lyre
Why was Darius angry with the Greeks?
They helped others rebel against him
Why did the Spartans think it was important for women to be strong and healthy?
So they would have strong, healthy children
What was the cause of Alexander’s death?
Sickness in Babylon
Why did Alexander stop expanding the empire into India?
Italy is surrounded by water on three sides so it is a ______________________.
At first, Rome’s laws weren’t written down. Why were people unhappy about it?
They didn’t want to accidently break laws they didn’t know existed
A desert is an example of a __________ feature
What was the Hebrew’s religion called?
What did Asoka stop doing after he became Buddhist?
Name the type of government that started in Athens.
What is the name for the type of democracy that allows citizens to directly participate in the government?
Name the leader who founded (started) the Persian Empire.
Cyrus the Great
Why did Spartan women have some rights and freedoms that other Greek women didn’t have?
Their husbands were often away at war
Cincinnatus was a farmer who became Rome’s most famous _____________________.
What was the Law of the Twelve Tables and where was it displayed?
Rome’s first code of laws; Forum
What is the name for the series of wars between Rome and Carthage?
The Romans used __________ in their construction because the design is strong and long-lasting.
The part of the Christian Bible that tells about Jesus is called the _______________________________.