Final Exam Review Period 6 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Final Exam Review Period 6 Deck (49)
1

The part of the Christian Bible that tells about Jesus is called the _________________.

New Testament

2

What was the Hebrew’s religion called?

Judaism

3

After Pompey asked Caesar to give up power, Caesar led his army across the Rubicon River into _______________.

Italy

4

What was the effect of all people in China using the same coins and the same writing system?

Trade became easier

5

Because silk was popular in Rome, China became ______________.

Wealthy

6

Name the philosopher who wanted Romans to support the Senate.

Cicero

7

Philip was able to defeat the Greeks because the Greeks refused to _______________ to fight against Philip.

Join together

8

People who are said to receive messages from god to share with others

prophets

9

What did the plebeians do that caused the patricians to change the government?

Elected their own officials

10

Many people from the lower classes liked the Buddha because he was opposed to the ______________.

Caste system

11

The Zhou kings believed that ________________ gave them the power to rule.

Heaven

12

Which Chinese belief system taught that it was important to live in harmony with nature?

Daoism

13

What did Shi Huangdi do that shows he was a follower of legalism?

He created harsh laws and strict punishments

14

The agora was a marketplace that was also used for _____________ and _________________ meetings.

Political; religious

15

Why did Alexander stop expanding the empire into India?

Tired soldiers

16

Why did the Spartans think it was important for women to be strong and healthy?

So they would have healthy children

17

What did Asoka stop doing after he became Buddhist?

Fighting wars

18

Name the type of government that started in Athens.

Democracy

19

Cincinnatus was a farmer who became Rome’s most famous ______________.

Dictator

20

Name the leader who founded (started) the Persian Empire.

Cyrus the Great

21

Hindus belief that if a person has good ___________, they will be born into a higher caste in the next life.

Karma

22

People who work to spread their religious beliefs

missionaries

23

The Romans used __________ in their construction because the design is strong and long-lasting.

Arches

24

What is the name of Philip’s son who took over as leader after Philip’s death?

Alexander

25

What stops one part of government from having more power than the others?

Checks and balances

26

The belief in one god

monotheism

27

“Rule of the people” describes which type of government?

Democracy

28

According to legend, the first king of Rome was ____________________.

Romulus

29

What is the name for the series of wars between Rome and Carthage?

Punic Wars

30

Italy is surrounded by water on three sides so it is a ______________________.

Peninsula

31

Why was Darius angry with the Greeks?

They helped others rebel against him

32

What was the cause of Alexander’s death?

Sickness in Babylon

33

After the Gracchus brothers were killed, Romans began to see that ____________ could be used as a ______________.

Violence; political weapon

34

Name the group of people who challenged the idea that the actions of gods and goddesses caused events in the world.

Philosophers

35

What is the name of the famous building that was built on the Athenian acropolis?

Parthenon

36

What is the name for the type of democracy that allows citizens to directly participate in the government?

Direct democracy

37

What was the Law of the Twelve Tables and where was it displayed?

Rome’s first code of laws; Forum

38

A series of rulers from the same family

dynasty

39

What was the main purpose of Roman roads?

For armies to travel

40

What did philosophers believe the human mind could do?

Think, explain, and understand life

41

A desert is an example of a __________ feature

physical

42

What did lyric poets do while reciting their poems?

Played the lyre

43

Why did Shi Huangdi have the Great Wall of China built?

Protect China from invaders

44

What were Spartan boys trained to be?

Soldiers

45

Define scribe.

A writer

46

Explain why it was not possible for most juries to come to a tie.

Odd number of members

47

__________________ were built around cities to protect the inhabitants from attack.

Walls

48

Why did Spartan women have some rights and freedoms that other Greek women didn’t have?

Their husbands were often away at war

49

At first, Rome’s laws weren’t written down. Why were people unhappy about it?

They didn’t want to break laws they didn’t know existed