Final Exam Review period 1 Flashcards Preview

World History 6th Grade > Final Exam Review period 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Final Exam Review period 1 Deck (49)
1

1. __________________ were built around cities to protect the inhabitants from attack.

Walls

2

A series of rulers from the same family

dynasty

3

The belief in one god

monotheism

4

People who are said to receive messages from god to share with others

prophets

5

“Rule of the people” describes which type of government?

Democracy

6

What were Spartan boys trained to be?

Soldiers

7

Philip was able to defeat the Greeks because the Greeks refused to ____________________________ to fight against Philip.

Join together

8

What is the name of Philip’s son who took over as leader after Philip’s death?

Alexander

9

What is the name of the famous building that was built on the Athenian acropolis?

Parthenon

10

Name the group of people who challenged the idea that the actions of gods and goddesses caused events in the world.

Philosophers

11

What did philosophers believe the human mind could do?

Think, explain, and understand life

12

What did the plebeians do that caused the patricians to change the government?

Elected their own officials

13

What stops one part of government from having more power than the others?

Checks and balances

14

After the Gracchus brothers were killed, Romans began to see that ________________________ could be used as a __________________________________________.

Violence; political weapon

15

What was the main purpose of Roman roads?

For armies to travel

16

Hindus belief that if a person has good ___________, they will be born into a higher caste in the next life.

Karma

17

Many people from the lower classes liked the Buddha because he was opposed to the _____________________________.

Caste system

18

People who work to spread their religious beliefs

missionaries

19

The Zhou kings believed that _________________________ gave them the power to rule.

Heaven

20

Which Chinese belief system taught that it was important to live in harmony with nature?

Daoism

21

What did Shi Huangdi do that shows he was a follower of legalism?

He created harsh laws and strict punishments

22

What was the effect of all people in China using the same coins and the same writing system?

Trade became easier

23

Why did Shi Huangdi have the Great Wall of China built?

Protect China from invaders

24

Because silk was popular in Rome, China became ______________________.

Wealthy

25

Name the philosopher who wanted Romans to support the Senate.

Cicero

26

After Pompey asked Caesar to give up power, Caesar led his army across the Rubicon River into ______________________________.

Italy

27

The agora was a marketplace that was also used for _______________________ and ______________________________ meetings.

Political; religious

28

Explain why it was not possible for most juries to come to a tie.

Odd number of members

29

What did lyric poets do while reciting their poems?

Played the lyre

30

Why was Darius angry with the Greeks?

They helped others rebel against him

31

Why did the Spartans think it was important for women to be strong and healthy?

So they would have strong, healthy children

32

What was the cause of Alexander’s death?

Sickness in Babylon

33

Why did Alexander stop expanding the empire into India?

Tired soldiers

34

Italy is surrounded by water on three sides so it is a ___________________________________.

Peninsula

35

At first, Rome’s laws weren’t written down. Why were people unhappy about it?

They didn’t want to accidently break laws they didn’t know existed

36

A desert is an example of a __________ feature

physical

37

What was the Hebrew’s religion called?

Judaism

38

What did Asoka stop doing after he became Buddhist?

Fighting wars

39

Define scribe.

A writer

40

Name the type of government that started in Athens.

Democracy

41

What is the name for the type of democracy that allows citizens to directly participate in the government?

Direct democracy

42

Name the leader who founded (started) the Persian Empire.

Cyrus the Great

43

Why did Spartan women have some rights and freedoms that other Greek women didn’t have?

Their husbands were often away at war

44

Cincinnatus was a farmer who became Rome’s most famous ___________________________.

Dictator

45

What was the Law of the Twelve Tables and where was it displayed?

Rome’s first code of laws; Forum

46

What is the name for the series of wars between Rome and Carthage?

Punic Wars

47

The Romans used __________ in their construction because the design is strong and long-lasting.

Arches

48

The part of the Christian Bible that tells about Jesus is called the _______________________________.

New Testament

49

According to legend, the first king of Rome was __________________________________.

Romulus