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Flashcards in Chapter 3 Deck (27)
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1

Crops grew well in Mesopotamia because

farmland was fertile and water was nearby

2

Mesopotamia means "the land between the rivers". Which two rivers is it between?

Tigris and Euphrates

3

What job did most Sumerians have?

farmer

4

Where did most Sumerians live?

countryside (rural) areas

5

Why did city-states fight over farmland?

They wanted to have enough farmland to grow food

6

Sargon was able to establish the world's first empire because he was the first ruler to have a

permanent army

7

Enheduanna is most famous for

being the world's first known author

8

What did city-states build to protect themselves from attack?

walls

9

Nebuchadnezzar is most famous for building the

hanging gardens

10

Phoenician ships sailed on the _______________ Sea.

Mediterranean

11

Carthage was the most famous Phoenician _________.

colony

12

The world's first civilization was developed by a people called the ____________.

Sumerians

13

Name the king who became a legendary figure in Sumerian literature.

Gilgamesh

14

Who did the Sumerians believe could cause both good and bad events to occur?

the gods

15

Craftspeople, merchants, and traders were at which rank in the Sumerian social hierarchy? (top, second, third, bottom)

third

16

Kings were at which rank in the Sumerian social hierarchy? (top, second, third, bottom)

top

17

Farmers, laborers, and slaves were at which rank in the Sumerian social hierarchy? (top, second, third, bottom)

bottom

18

Priests were at which rank in the Sumerian social hierarchy? (top, second, third, bottom)

second

19

Who was at the top of the Sumerian social hierarchy?

kings

20

The second rank of the Sumerian social hierarchy included nobles and _____________.

priests

21

What was the most important Sumerian invention?

the wheel

22

City-states wanted to have enough farmland to grow food so they would ___________ over farmland.

fight

23

Who was the first ruler to have a permanent army?

Sargon

24

Who was the world's first know author?

Enheduanna

25

Why were walls built around city-states

to protect them from attack

26

Who build the famous hanging gardens of Babylon?

Nebuchadnezzar

27

The most famous Phoenician colony was

Carthage