Ancient Greece Period 7 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ancient Greece Period 7 Deck (40)
1

The mainland of Greece is surrounded by water on three sides so it is a…

peninsula

2

Explain why the ancient Greeks became great shipbuilders.

The land was mountainous and water was nearby

3

What is a polis?

Greek word for city-state

4

List the activities that took place in the agora.

shopping, meetings, gatherings

5

Explain why it was not possible for most Athenian juries to come to a tie.

odd number of members

6

Define oligarchy.

rule by a few

7

What did the Athenian people think of Draco’s laws?

too strict/harsh

8

“Rule of the people” describes which type of government?

democracy

9

What did the ancient Greeks use to explain why events happened?

myths

10

What did lyric poets do while reciting their poems?

played the lyre

11

The Greeks believed that Demeter did not let crops grow during winter because…

she missed her daughter

12

List some types of things that are named after characters from Greek mythology.

sports teams, planets

13

Name the Greek god of war.

Ares

14

Name the Greek hero who is a character in many movies.

Hercules

15

Give an example of an English word or phrase that is based on Greek mythology.

Achilles heel, Herculean task, Midas touch, sour grapes, etc.

16

Why was Darius angry with the Greeks?

they helped others rebel

17

What were Spartan boys trained to be?

soldiers

18

Why didn’t Spartan slaves rebel against the Spartans?

they were afraid of the Spartan army

19

Why did Sparta declare war against Athens and start the Peloponnesian War?

they were afraid that Athens would become more powerful and try to control all of Greece

20

Explain what allowed Philip to conquer the Greeks easily.

the Greeks refused to join together to fight against him

21

What is the name of Philip’s son who took over as leader after Philip’s death?

Alexander

22

Why did the Persian governor of Egypt allow Alexander to conquer Egypt without a fight?

he heard about Alexander's battle skills

23

How can you tell that Alexander enjoyed being a military commander?

he wanted to conquer more land

24

What was the cause of Alexander’s death?

sickness/fever

25

Why did Alexander stop expanding the empire into India?

his soldiers were tired and refused to continue fighting

26

What is the name of the famous building that was built on the Athenian acropolis?

Parthenon

27

Name the group of people who challenged the idea that the actions of gods and goddesses caused events in the world.

philosophers

28

What did philosophers believe the human mind could do?

think, explain, and understand life

29

Ancient Greek achievements have shaped __________ civilization (our civilization).

Western

30

Name the two early Greek cultures that shaped later Greek culture.

Minoan and Mycenaean

31

Name the type of government that started in Athens.

democracy

32

Name some of the events that the ancient Greeks believed were caused by their gods.

thunder, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions

33

What is the name for the type of democracy that allows citizens to directly participate in the government?

direct democracy

34

Name the leader who founded (started) the Persian Empire.

Cyrus the Great

35

Who won the battle of Marathon?

Athens, Greece

36

What were slaves called in Sparta?

helots

37

Why did Spartan women have more rights and freedom than other Greek women?

the men were often away at war

38

Name the Greek-like culture that brought Greek ideas to new places.

Hellenistic

39

Why was Socrates sentenced to death?

accused of questioning the gods

40

Which philosopher encouraged people to live lives of moderation?

Aristotle