Flashcards in Ancient Greece Period 7 Deck (40)
The mainland of Greece is surrounded by water on three sides so it is a…
Explain why the ancient Greeks became great shipbuilders.
The land was mountainous and water was nearby
What is a polis?
Greek word for city-state
List the activities that took place in the agora.
shopping, meetings, gatherings
Explain why it was not possible for most Athenian juries to come to a tie.
odd number of members
rule by a few
What did the Athenian people think of Draco’s laws?
“Rule of the people” describes which type of government?
What did the ancient Greeks use to explain why events happened?
What did lyric poets do while reciting their poems?
played the lyre
The Greeks believed that Demeter did not let crops grow during winter because…
she missed her daughter
List some types of things that are named after characters from Greek mythology.
sports teams, planets
Name the Greek god of war.
Name the Greek hero who is a character in many movies.
Give an example of an English word or phrase that is based on Greek mythology.
Achilles heel, Herculean task, Midas touch, sour grapes, etc.
Why was Darius angry with the Greeks?
they helped others rebel
What were Spartan boys trained to be?
Why didn’t Spartan slaves rebel against the Spartans?
they were afraid of the Spartan army
Why did Sparta declare war against Athens and start the Peloponnesian War?
they were afraid that Athens would become more powerful and try to control all of Greece
Explain what allowed Philip to conquer the Greeks easily.
the Greeks refused to join together to fight against him
What is the name of Philip’s son who took over as leader after Philip’s death?
Why did the Persian governor of Egypt allow Alexander to conquer Egypt without a fight?
he heard about Alexander's battle skills
How can you tell that Alexander enjoyed being a military commander?
he wanted to conquer more land
What was the cause of Alexander’s death?
Why did Alexander stop expanding the empire into India?
his soldiers were tired and refused to continue fighting
What is the name of the famous building that was built on the Athenian acropolis?
Name the group of people who challenged the idea that the actions of gods and goddesses caused events in the world.
What did philosophers believe the human mind could do?
think, explain, and understand life
Ancient Greek achievements have shaped __________ civilization (our civilization).
Name the two early Greek cultures that shaped later Greek culture.
Minoan and Mycenaean
Name the type of government that started in Athens.
Name some of the events that the ancient Greeks believed were caused by their gods.
thunder, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions
What is the name for the type of democracy that allows citizens to directly participate in the government?
Name the leader who founded (started) the Persian Empire.
Cyrus the Great
Who won the battle of Marathon?
What were slaves called in Sparta?
Why did Spartan women have more rights and freedom than other Greek women?
the men were often away at war
Name the Greek-like culture that brought Greek ideas to new places.
Why was Socrates sentenced to death?
accused of questioning the gods