Endocrine System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Endocrine System Deck (58):
1

Adrenalectomy

Removal of an adrenal gland

2

Gonadotropin

Hormone that is secreted from the pituitary gland in acts on the gonads (ovaries and testes)

3

Hypogonadism

Condition of decreased function of the gonads with decreased growth and sexual development

4

Pancreatectomy

Removal of the pancreas

5

Parathyroidectomy

Removal of the parathyroid glands

6

Hypopituitarism

Condition resulting from decreased secretion by the pituitary gland

7

Thyrotropic hormone

Hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary gland the Exxon the thyroid gland (TSH or thyroid stimulating hormone

8

Thyroiditis

Inflammation of the thyroid gland

9

Androgen

Hormone producing or stimulating male characteristics a.k.a. testosterone

10

Hypercalcemia

Increased calcium in the blood

11

Hypercalciuria

Hi levels of calcium in the urine

12

Hypocalcemia

Low levels of calcium in the blood

13

Corticosteroid

Any of the hormones produced by the adrenal cortex

14

Endocrinologist

Specialist in the diagnosis and treatment of endocrine gland disorders

15

Polydipsia

Condition of excessive thirsty

16

Estrogenic

Pertaining to having properties similar to estrogen example producing estrogen like effects

17

Glucagon

Hormone from the pancreas that causes sugar to be released into the bloodstream one blood sugar levels are low

18

Hyperglycemia

Blood condition of increased sugar

19

Glycemic

Pertaining to sugar in the blood

20

Glycogen

In animal starch which is produced from Sugar by the liver

21

Homeostasis

A state of equilibrium

22

Hormonal

Pertaining to hormones

23

Hypokalemia

Low levels of potassium in the blood

24

Prolactin

Hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary that promotes the growth of breast tissue and stimulates milk production

25

Myxedema

Condition of mucus like swelling of the face in soft tissue

26

Hyponatremia

Blood condition of deficiency of Sodium

27

Hypophysectomy

Removal of the pituitary gland

28

Somatotropin

Hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary gland that stimulates growth of bones in tissue

29

Steroid

In organic compound with the ring structure a.k.a. bile acids, vitamin D, certain hormones

30

Oxytocin

Hormone secreted by the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland stimulates childbirth

31

Thyrotoxicosis

Condition of increased secretion from the thyroid gland with symptoms such as sweating, rapid pulse, tremors, and exophthalmos

32

Antidiuretic hormone

Secreted by the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland in causes water to be retained in the body

33

Glucagon

Hormone from the pancreas that assembles sugar from starch and increases blood sugar when it is low

34

Hypoglycemia

Low levels of sugar in the blood

35

Epinephrine

Hormone secreted by the adrenal medulla raises blood pressure

36

Adrenocorticotropin

Hormone secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland which stimulates the adrenal cortex to release it's hormones

37

Glycosuria

Condition of sugar in the urine

38

Euthyroid

Normal thyroid function

39

Hyperkalemia

High levels of potassium in the blood

40

Hypoinsulinism

Low levels of insulin

41

Panhypopituitarism

Condition of deficient secretion of all hormones from the pituitary gland

42

Polyuria

Excessive urine production

43

Tetraiodothyronine (T4)

Thyroid gland hormone containing for Adams of iodine a.k.a. Thyroxine

44

Triiodothyronine (T3)

Thyroid gland hormone containing three atoms of iodine

45

Bx

Biopsy

46

ACTH

Adrenocorticotropic hormone

47

ADH

Antidiuretic hormone

48

BMR

Basal metabolic rate

49

FSH

Follicle-stimulating hormone

50

GH

Growth hormone

51

IDDM

Insulin dependent diabetes mellitus a.k.a. type one

52

LH

Luteinizing hormone

53

NIDDM

Non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus A.k.a. type two

54

PRL

Prolactin

55

PTH

Parathyroid hormone

56

R I A

Radioimmunoassay. Measures hormone levels in the body

57

TSH

Thyroid stimulating hormone

58

Adenectomy

Removal of a gland