Pg 216-222 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Pg 216-222 Deck (32):
1

Calciferol

Active form of vitamin D secreted by the kidney

2

Calyx or calix

Cup like collecting region of the renal pelvis

3

Catheter

Tube for injecting or removing fluid

4

Cortex

Outer region of an organ

5

Creatinine

Nitrogenous waste excreted in urine

6

Electrolyte

Chemical element that carried an electrical charge when dissolved in water

7

Erythropoietin

Hormone secreted by the kidney to stimulate the production of blood cells by bone marrow

8

Filtration

Process whereby some substances but not all pass through a filter

9

Glomerular capsule

Enclosing structure surrounding each glomerulus

10

Glomerular

Tiny ball of capillaries in the kidney

11

Hilum

Depression in an organ where blood vessels and nerves enter and leave

12

Kidney

One of two bean shapes organs in either side of the backbone in the lumbar region

13

Meatus

Opening or canal

14

Medulla

Inner region of an organ

15

Nephron

Combination of glomerulus and renal tubule where filtration, reabsorption, and secretions take place in the kidneys

16

Nitrogenous waste

Substance containing nitrogen and excreted in the urine

17

Potassium

Electrolyte regulated by the kidney so that a proper concentration is maintained within the blood

18

Reabsorption

Process whereby renal tubules return materials necessary to the body back into the bloodstream

19

Renal artery

Blood vessel that carried blood to the kidney

20

Renal pelvis

Central collection region in the kidney

21

Renal tubule

Microscopic tube in the kidney where urine is formed after filtration

22

Renal vein

Blood vessel that carries blood away from the kidney and toward the heart

23

Renin

Hormone secreted by the kidney

24

Sodium

Electrolyte regulated in the blood and urine by the kidneys

25

Trigone

Triangular area in the urinary bladder

26

Urea

Major nitrogenous waste excreted in urine

27

Ureter

One of the two tunes each leading from the kidneys to the urinary bladder

28

Urethra

Tube leading from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body

29

Uric acid

Nitrogenous waste excreted in the urine

30

Urinary bladder

Hollow muscular sac that holds and stored urine

31

Urination

Process of expelling urine

32

Arteriole

Small artery