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Flashcards in Chapter 27 Deck (21):
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Abduction

Moving a body part away from the midline of the body

1

Adduction

Moving a body part toward the midline of the body

2

Ambulation

The act of walking

3

Atrophy

The decrease in size or the wasting away of tissue

4

Contracture

The lack of joint mobility caused by abnormal shortening of the muscle

5

Deconditioning

The loss of muscle strength from inactivity

6

Dorsiflexion

Bending the toes and foot up at the ankle

7

Extension

Straightening a body part

8

External rotation

Turning the joint outward

9

Flexion

Bending a body part

10

Foot drop

The footfalls down at the ankle; permanent plantar flexion

11

Hyperextension

Excessive straightening of a body part

12

Internal rotation

Turning the joint inward

13

Orthostatic hypotension

Abnormally low blood pressure when the person suddenly stands up; postural hypotension

14

Plantar flexion

The foot is bent bending the foot down at the ankle

15

Postural hypotension

See orthostatic hypotension

16

Pronation

Turning the joint down word

17

Range of motion (ROM)

The movement of a joint the extent possible without causing pain

18

Rotation

Turning the joint

19

Supination

Turning the joint upward

20

Syncope

A brief loss of consciousness; fainting