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Flashcards in Chapter 15 Deck (30):
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Antibiotic

A drug that kills certain microbes that cause infections

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Asepsis

Being free of disease producing microbes

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Biohazardous waste

Items contaminated with blood, body fluids, secretions, or excretions; bio means life, and hazardous means dangerous or harmful

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Carrier

A human or animal that is a reservoir for my clubs but does not develop the infection

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Clean technique

See medical asepsis

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Communicable disease

A disease caused by pathogens that spread easily; a contagious disease

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Contagious disease

See communicable disease

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Contamination

The process of becoming unclean

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Disinfection

The process of destroying pathogens

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Healthcare associated infection (HAI)

In infection that develops in a person cared for in any setting where healthcare is given; the infection is related to receiving healthcare

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Immunity

Protection against a certain disease

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Infection

A disease state resulting from the invasion in growth of microbes in the body

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Infection control

Practices and procedures that prevent the spread of infection

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Medical asepsis

Practices used to remove or destroy pathogens into prevent their spread from one person or place to another person or place; clean technique

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Microbe

See microorganism

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Microorganism

A small living thing seen only with a microscope; a microbe

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Non-pathogen

A microbe that does not usually cause an infection

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Normal flora

Microbes that live and grow in a certain area

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Pathogen

Hey microbe that is harmful and can cause an infection

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Reservoir

The environment in which a microbe lives in grows; host

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Spore

A bacterium protected by a hardshell

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Sterile

The absence of all microbes

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Sterile field

A work area free of all pathogens and non-pathogens (including spores)

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Sterile technique

See surgical asepsis

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Sterilization

The process of destroying all microbes

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Surgical asepsis

The practices that keep items free of all microbes; sterile technique

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Vaccination

Giving a vaccine to produce immunity against an infectious disease

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Vaccine

A preparation containing dead or weakened microbes

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Vector

A carrier (animal, insect) that transmits diseases

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Vehicle

Any substance that transmits microbes