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Flashcards in Endocrine Wk 1 Deck (15):
1

Tx of choice for Prolactinoma?

Cabergoline
Dopamine agonist

2

Acromegaly is almost always caused by?

Pituitary tumors

3

Which lab tests GH?

IGF-1

4

Most common cause of cushings syndrome?

Exogenous steroid use

5

Which steroids are deficient in addison's?

Glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids

6

Pathohnomonic signs for addisons?

Salt craving and hyperpigmentation

7

What should you administer in an addison crisis?

Hydrocortisone IV

8

What is the main cause of secondary adrenal insufficiency?

Discontinuation of corticosteroids. Hypoactive pituitary.

9

In regards to addisons and secondary adrenal insufficiency, how to cortisol, aldosterone and ACTH differ?

Addisons: Low cortisol and aldosterone, elevated ACTH
Secondary: Low cortisol, normal aldosterone, Low ACTH

10

How do you treat hyperprolactinemia and acromegaly medically?

Cabergoline (preferred) or bromocriptine

11

Tx for primary AND nephrogenic diabetes insipidus

DDAVP for primary. HCTZ for nephrogenic

12

Where do you see trosseau's sign?

Hypocalcemia

13

What do you treat Diabetes insipudus with?

DDAVP, HCTZ

14

Treatment for hyperthyroidism?

Methimazole, Propylthiouracil
Proplanolol
RAI
Surgery

15

Tx for hypercalcemia?

Pam and Zel
Pamidronate, Zeledronate