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Flashcards in Peds Wk 1 Deck (37):
1

Toxoplasmosis Triad

Chorioretinitis
Hydrocephalus
Intracranial calcifications

2

Rubella causes

Ears, eyes, heart issues.
Growth retardation
Petechiae and purpura (blueberry muffin lesions)

3

Congenital CMV

Most common congenital infxn
Leading cause of sensorineural hearing loss
CMV retinitis

4

Congenital HSV manifestations

Sepsis
Liver
Lungs
Seizures
Encephelopathy

5

Maternal Medications

ACE, ARB
Anticonvulsant
Antineoplastics
Thalidomide, retinoic acid
Lithium
Tetracycline, sulfas

6

S/S of FAS

Low Nasal bridge
Short nose
Small eye opening
Small head circumference
Thin upper lip
Hockey stick palm crease
Low IQ, SGA

7

High-altitude is a risk factor for?

PDA

8

Trisomy 13

Most die of heart failure or infxn in infancy.

9

Deletion 22q11 syndrome

Most have congenital heart dz and cleft palate.
Affects all body systems
Learning difficulties are common

10

Turner Syndrome

XO
Rare female dz
Renal abnormalities
Heart defect
Thyroiditis

11

Turner syndrome dysmorphic features

Low posterior hairline
Short stature
Gonadal dysgenesis
Lymphedema
Webbing of neck

12

Kleinfelter Syndrome

XXY
Hypogonadism in men
Tall, wide arm span
Female habitus
Behavioral problems
Gynecomastia

13

Fragile X

Males and females
Mental retardation
Large ears, testicles
Autistic like behavior

14

Marfans Tx

Beta blockers
Lorsartan?

15

Phenylketonuria (PKU)

Most common amino acid metabolism disorder.
Hypopigmentations
Neuro abnormalities
Severe mental retardation

16

PKU affects conversion of what to what?

Phenylalinine to tyrosine

17

PKU diet

Basically vegan
Avoid aspirtame

18

Galactosemia

Autosomal recessive
Brain damage, cataracts, jaundice, hepatomegaly, kidney damage.
Eliminate galactose from diet

19

Two types of neural tube defects

Ancephaly
Spina bifida
Use folic acid supplementation

20

Cleft palate is associated with?

Other congenital abnormalities

21

Cerebral Palsy

Caused by static encephelopathy
Brain injury before, during or after birth.

22

CP features

Muscle spasticity
Dyskinesia
Ataxia
Epilepsy
Retardation
Strabismus
Hip dislocation

23

How does weight change from birth weight in one year?

It triples

24

Bilious vomiting

Partial or complete bowel obstruction.
Vomit has bile (green)

25

Non-bilious vomiting

Generally indicates food intolerance, GERD

26

Newborn with persistent emesis?

Intestinal atresias

27

Toddler with emesis?

Intussesception

28

When does pyloric stenosis presents at what age?

3-6 weeks

29

Meckels diverticulum

Congenital diverticular growth
results in rectal bleeding, obstruction

30

Intussusception

Telescoping of intestine into itself.
Nausea, (bilious) vomiting, bleeding, obstruction

31

What is heard with a PDA?

Continuous machine like murmur.
WIdened pulse pressure

32

Amblyopia

Uni or bilateral reduction in central visual acuity without lesion.
Can only occur during first decade of life.

33

Amblyopia diagnosis

FIxation test
Indirect Cover test

34

Stabismus

MIsalignment of the visual axis of the 2 eyes.

35

Esotropia

Inward turning of the eye

36

Exotropia

Outward turning of the eye

37

When do night terrors occur?

In 4-12 year olds in the first third of sleep.