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Flashcards in Neuro Deck (42):
1

Which organ does MG affect?

the thymus

2

Which antibodies are circulating in MG?

Anti-Acth antibodies

3

Stocking and glove presentation?

Polyneuropathy

4

degeneration of lateral and dorsal spinal columns =?

B12 deficiency

5

Spinocerebellar syndrome?

Vitamin E deficiency

6

Alpha tocopherol

Vitamin E

7

Vitamin B1

Thiamine

8

Cobalmin

Vitamin B12

9

Beriberi = ?

Thiamine Deficiency

10

Disautonia is seen in?

GBS

11

Risk factors for bells palsy?

Pregnancy and DM

12

Is MG an issue of decreased circulating Acth or decreased Acth receptors?

Decreased receptors

13

Dropped head syndrome =?

MG, Proximal limb weakness, arms>legs

14

Most common type of polyneuropathy patho

Axonal injury

15

Ipsilateral facial and contralateral limb paralysis = ?

posterior stroke

16

5 D's of posterior stroke

Dizziness, Dysarthria, Diploplia, Dysphagia, Dystaxia

17

Receptive aphasia =

Wernike's aphasia. Posterior stroke. Have trouble understanding language, speak fluent gibberish.

18

Expressive aphasia =

Broca's Aphasia. Anterior stroke. Can understand, but cant talk.

19

Will SAH cause papilledema?

Yes.

20

Which brain bleed can present similarly to ischemic stroke?

Intracerebral hemorrhage. Usually caused by HTN

21

Left brain

Speech and language, analytical

22

Right brain

Art, visual, perception, intuition.

23

Migraine w/o aura = ?

Common migraine

24

Classic migraine

Migraine w/ aura

25

Horner's syndrome

Drooping and constriction caused by cluster HA

26

Cluster HA tx

O2 and Triptan

27

What is used to prevent cluster HA's?

Verapamil (CCB)

28

Pseudomotor Cerebrii = ?

Idiopathic intracranial HTN (IIH). Increased ICP

29

IIH most commonly occurs in?

Obese women

30

IIH is treated with which diuretic?

Acetazolamide

31

Meningitis triad?

High-grade fever, Nuchal rigidity, HA

32

Tx for meningitis

{Cefotaxime (3rd gen cephalosporin) or Cephtriaxone} AND {Vancomycin} AND Dexamethasone

33

Most common bug causing aseptic meningitis?

Enterovirus

34

What is lost in encephalitis?

Cerebral function

35

Which types of bacteria can penetrate the CNS easily?

Rickettsial

36

Brain abscess triad

HA, fever, foconeuro deficit

37

Tension HA prophylaxis

Amitryptaline or Topomax

38

Are migraines uni or bilateral

Usually unilateral

39

First-line for migraines?

Triptans
Propranolol

40

Shaken baby syndrome triad

Subdural hematoma, retinal hemorrhage, cerebral edema

41

Which brain cancer is more common in children?

Ependymoma (ventricles)

42

Most common primary brain cancer?

Meningioma
More common in women, benign