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Flashcards in Endocrinology Deck (17):
1

MCC of hypothyroidism

Hashimoto's thyroiditis

2

Lab findings in Hashimoto's thyroiditis

High TSH, low 4, anti-TPO antibodies

3

Exophthalmos, pretibial myxedema, and decreased TSH

Grave's dz

4

MCC of Cushing's syndrome

Iatrogenic corticosteroid administration. 2nd MCC is Cushing's dz

5

Pt presents w/ signs of hypocalcemia, high phosphorus, and low PTH

Hypoparathyroidism

6

Stones, bones, groans, and psychiatric overtones

Signs and sx of hypercalcemia

7

A pt c/o HA, weakness, and polyuria; examination reveals HTN and tetany. Labs show hypernatremia, hypokalemia, and metabolic alkalosis.

Primary hyperaldosteronism (due to Conn's syndrome or bilateral adrenal hyperplasia)

8

Pt presents w/ tachycardia, wild swings in BP, HA, diaphoresis, AMS, and a sense of panic

Pheochromocytoma

9

Which should be used first in tx pheochromocytoma, alpa or beta-antagonists?

Alpha-antagonists (phentolamine and phenoxybenzamine)

10

Pt w/ hx of lithium presents with copious amounts of dilute urine

Nephrogenic diabetes inspidus (DI)

11

Tx of central DI

Administration of DDAVP and free-water retention

12

Postop pt w/ significant pain presents w/ hyponatremia and normal volume status

SIADH due to stress

13

An antidiabetic agent a/w lactic acidosis

Metformin

14

Pt presents w/ weakness, nausea, vomiting, weight loss, and new skin pigmentation. Labs show hyponatremia and hyperkalemia. Tx?

Primary adrenal insufficiency (Addison's dz). Tx w/ glucocorticoids, mineralocorticoids, and IV fluids.

15

Goal HbA1C for a pt w/ DM

16

Tx for DKA

Fluids, insulin, and electrolyte repletion (eg. K+)

17

Why are B-Blockers contraindicated in diabetics?

They can mask sx of hypoglycemia