Endocrinology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Endocrinology Deck (17)
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1

Most common cause of Hypothyrodism

Hashimoto's Thyroiditis

2

Lab finding in Hashimoto's Thyroiditis

- High TSH
- Low T4
- Antimicrosomal Antibodies

3

Exophthalmos
Pretibial Myedema
Decrease TSH

Grave's Disease

4

Most common cause of Cushing's Syndrome

Iatrogenic corticosteroid administration

The second most common cause is Cushing's disease

5

Pt presents with signs of:

- Hypocalcemia
- High Phosphorus
- Low PTH

- Hypoparathyrodism

6

Stones
Bones
Groans
Psychiatric Overtones

Hypercalcemia

7

Pt complains of:

- Headache
- Weakness
- Polyuria

Exam reveals
- HTN
- Tetany

Labs
- Hypernatremia
- Hypokalemia
- Metabolic Alkalosis

1 Hyperaldosteronism

8

Pt with:

- Tachycardia
- Wild swings in BP
- headache
- Diaphoresis
- Altered mental status
- Sense of panic

- Pheochromocytoma

9

Should Alpha or B antagonists be used in treating pheochromocytoma?

Alpha Antagonists

(Phentolamine or Phenoxybenzamine)

10

Pt with hx of lithium use presents with copious amounts of diluted urine

Nephrogenic DI

11

Tx of Central DI

Administration of DDAVP
Decrease serum osmolality
Free water restriction

12

Postop Pt with significant pain presents with

- Hyponatremia
- Normal volume status

- SIADH due to stress

13

Antidiabetic agent associated with Lactic Acidosis

Metformin

14

Pt presents with

- Weakness
- N/V
- Weight loss
- New skin pigmentation

Labs
- Hyponatremia
- Hyperkalemia

Tx?

1 Adrenal Insufficiency (Addinsons)

Tx
- Replacement of Glucocorticoids
- Mineralocorticoids
- IV Fluids

15

Goal HbA1c for a patient with DM

< 7.0

16

Tx of DKA

- Fluids
- Insulin
- Aggressive replacement of electrolytes (K+)

17

Why are BB contraindicated in DM

Mask symptoms of Hypoglycemia