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Flashcards in English - AP English Lang. & Comp. Terms Deck (27):
1

Allegory

using something / someone to represent / symbolize something usually dealing with moral truth or a generalization about human existence

2

anaphora

repetition of words in the beginning of a sentence

3

antecedent

the word, phrase, or clause referred to by a pronoun

4

antimetabole

repetition of words in an inverted order to sharpen contrast

ex. "Ask not what your country can do for you, but what you can do for your country"

5

apostrophe

figure of speech that directly addresses an absent or imaginary person or a personified abstraction, such as liberty or love

6

asyndeton

leaving out conjunctions between words, phrases, or clauses (ex. eggs, milk, bread, jelly, etc.)

7

clause

a grammatical unit that contains both a subject and a verb

8

colloquial / colloquialism

the use of slang or informalities in speech or writing

9

connotation

non-literal associative meaning of a word; implied, or suggested meaning

10

denotation

the strict, literal, dictionary definition of a word, devoid of any emotion, attitude, or color

11

euphemism

more agreeable or less offensive substitute for a generally unpleasant word or concept

12

verbal irony

when the words literally mean the opposite of the writer's meaning

13

situational irony

when events turn out the opposite of what was expected

14

dramatic irony

when facts are unknown to a character in a play or piece of fiction but known to the reader, audience, or other characters in the work

15

litotes

form of understatement that involves making an affirmative point by denying its opposite (opposite of hyperbole)

Ex. It isnt very serious, it's just a little tumor on the brain

16

metonymy

substituted name for another that is closely associated with the original subject

17

onomatopoeia

sounds

ex. harrumph, boom, pow, etc.

18

parallelism

involves a repetition of grammatical elements such as a preposition or verbal phrase

19

periodic sentence

presents its central meaning in a main clause at the end of the sentence

20

loose sentence

presents its central meaning in a main clause at the beginning of a sentence

21

polysyndeton

the deliberate use of a series of conjunctions

(ex. get the eggs and milk and butter and jelly.)

22

subordinate clause (3)

contains a subject and a verb

cannot stand alone, doesn't express a complete thought

dependent clause

23

synecdoche

a part of something that represents something that is used to represent the whole, or, occasionally, the whole is used to represent a part

24

synesthesia

when one kind of sensory stimulus evokes the subjunctive experience of another

(when a sense is used in a piece of writing that has an effect...?)

25

syntax

how the author joins words together

26

Aphorism

A terse statement of known authorship which expresses a general truth or a moral principle

Can be a memorable summation of the author's point

26

zeugma

a construction in which on word (usually a verb) modifies or governs - often in different, sometimes incongruent way - two or more words in a sentence

Ex. John lost his coat and his temper