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Flashcards in Environmental and Medical Issues Deck (41)
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1

Greenhouse effect

Gases produced from burning coal, oil and gas from a covering around the earth which causes it to heat up

2

Deaths from global warming

150,000

3

Extinction figures

Within 50 years 1/3 of land based species could be extinct

4

Causes of global warming (4)

1. climate change
2. transport is 22% of UK carbon emissions
3. 2/3 of energy created in the UK is lost as waste energy
4. aviation

5

Effects of global warming (3)

1. sea levels are rising
2. seasons are changing
3. extreme weather

6

Quote for global warming

'We know that climate change is caused by burning fossil fuels'- Greenpeace

7

Solutions for global warming (6)

1. low carbon cars
2. reducing rainforest destruction
3. reducing air travel
4. using energy efficient inventions (lightbulbs)
5. sustainable living and conservation
6. replace natural resource and protect and preserve the natural world

8

Land pollution

25 million tonnes of rubbish a year

9

Air pollution

Causes 32,000 death in the UK every year

10

Sea pollution

8 million pieces of rubbish enter sea a day

11

Natural resources

25 % of population uses 80% of resources

12

Overfishing

Many fish risk extinction because of commercial fishing

13

Importance of recycling (for)

1. we use fewer finite resources when we recycle
2. greenhouse gases are reduced
3. without recycling some resources will disappear

14

Importance of recycling (against)

1. some recycling causes more pollution than normal production methods
2. recycling will cost people their jobs because new things will not be made
3. it is a waste of time because not everyone will do it

15

Islamic teachings on the environment

Qur'an says Allah created world, everything in existence linked (we are all one), Allah provides resources so shouldn't be damaged, on the day of judgment Allah will judge how Muslims have lived

16

Muslim word for stewardship

Khalifah

17

Muslim quotes for the environment

1. 'The world is green and beautiful and Allah has appointed you his steward over it' prophet Muhammed
2. 'It belongs to God and he has entrusted us with it's safe keeping'

18

Religion for protecting the environment (for)

1. Christians and Muslimns have a responsibility to leave the earth a better place than they found it
2. Most Christians and Muslims believe they will be judged by God on how well they have stewarded the earth
3. Religion is the only away society will change the way it views itself

19

Religion for protecting the environment (against)

1. Many people think that the job is so big that only the government can help
2. The largest organisations working to protect the environment are non-religious (greenpeace)

20

Genetic engineering dangerous (yes)

1. Scientists are manipulating the structure of living organisms and 'paying God'
2. There are questions about the long-term consequences of genetically modified creatures (Dolly the sheep had health problems)
3. Concerns about stem cellos from cloned embryos which help scientists understand diseases like Alzheimer's (its a human life)

21

Genetic engineering dangerous (no)

1. Genetic engineering isn't bad in itself and can cure diseases such as diabetes and cystic fibrosis
2. Recently treatment for head and neck cancer has been invented from genetically engineered herpes cells
3. Can be used on seeds and so crops could be grown which are resistant to disease and pests

22

Quote for religion and protecting the environment

'then God said, 'Let us make man in our image, in our likeness, and then let them rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air, over the livestock, over all the earth, and over all the creatures that move along the ground.''

23

RCC on infertility treatment

1. Artificial fertility treatment destructs human life
2. Donation of the eggs is considered as adultery
3. Child is a gift from God
4. Reward from a loving and sexual relationship

24

Catholics and protestants on infertility treatment

Don't approve, eggs destroyed which is destroying a life (sanctity of life)

25

Other branches of infertility on infertility treatment

agree with RCC, gods plans shouldn't be interfered with, some accept if egg and sperm used are from couple (Isaak and Sarah), knowledge is god given and should be used

26

Islamic attitude to infertility treatment (against)

1. Anything outside marriage is adultery
2. A child is a gift from Allah
3. Allah has a plan
4. SUrrogacy is banned in islam because its violating the marriage contract

27

Quote for RCC on infertility treatment

'Techniques that entail the dissociation of husband and wife, by the intrusion of a person other than the couple are gravely immoral'
'He spilled his semen on the ground to keep from producing offspring for his brother. what he did was wicked in the lord's sight; so he put him to death also'

28

Christians supporting fertility treatment

1. God gave humans knowledge
2. Bible contains a story of God giving an infertile woman a child
3. Situation Ethics/agape love

29

Quote for islam against infertility treatment

'he (allah) bestows both males and females, and he leaves barren whom he wills'

30

Islamic attitude to infertility treatment (for)

1. Embryo only biomes a human at 120 days when Allah breathes a soul into it
2. IVF doesn't destruct human life
3. Every woman has the right to be a mother and the right to medical help
4. All muslims want children as they believe Allah wants this