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Flashcards in Peace And Conflict Deck (59)
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5 reasons for war with examples

Border disputes (Israel/Palestine)
Resources (Iraq 2003)
Race (Hitler/Bovaria, Rowanda)
Dictatorship (North Korea)
Religion (the crusades)

1

Why can wars occur 4 points and examples

Religious- the troubles
Economic- Israel
Social- Rwandan genocide
Moral- Iraq (dictatorship)

2

Aims of UN

Develop friendly relations between nations
Work together to improve living standards
Centre for helping achieve these aims

3

Example of UN work

El Salvador to stop violation of human rights in 1990s

4

Just war theory

'Jus as bellum'- Thomas Aquinas
When it's right to go eat and necessary, measures taken to minimise suffering

5

How does UN work for peace

Employ's celebrity ambassadors (Beckham)
Own means of justice- prosecute against war crimes (Yugoslavia)
Promote peace negotiations (Ukraine)
Address problems before escalation

6

7 just theory criteria

Just and competent authority
Right intention
Reasonable chance of success
Proportionality
Last Reston
Legitimate targets attacked only
Just cause

7

Just and competent authority

Can only be declared by a ruler of the UN of the government

8

Right intention

Fought to bring about good- restore peace, prevent suffering and stopped when aim is reached

9

Reasonable chance of success

Stops lives being lost unnecessarily

10

Proportionality

Only necessary to achieve an aim- nuclear weapons shouldn't be used on a tiny country over a border dispute

11

Last resort

Must be a last resort after all peaceful means are attempted

12

Legitimate targets attacked only

Innocent civilians shouldn't be attacked (schools, hospitals)
Sudan war 98% of casualties were civilians

13

Just cause

Fought for just cause eg resisting aggression of self defence

14

Was the Second World War a just war

Was started/controlled by lawful authorities (elected British government)
Serious reason- preventing oppression
Last resort- four years of negotiation attempts
Hope of success- preventing Hitler invading other areas

15

RCC attitude on war

- war/conflict has direct impact on development
- people flee from areas of destruction
- land is unusable
- dislike war as effects civilians

16

People benedict on war

- threatens to harm image of humanity
- destroys value of people
- defending yourself is a duty and this extents to violence
- violence must be proportional

17

Jesus on war and evidence

- never condemned soldiers
- preached love and peace
- Jesus praised Roman soldier for his faith (Luke 7:10-10)
- 'everyone must obey the authorities... existing authorities have been put there by God'

18

Christian pacifists on war

- Jesus was a pacifists
- war is never justified
- conflict resolution should be sought out
- Quakers are only full pacifists
- violence is destructive

19

Matthew quote on war

- 'do not take revenge on someone who wrongs you'- Matthew 5:39

20

Christian pacifists to promote peace

Year long blockade of nuclear weapons
Promotes peace actively not just avoids being involved

21

Christians against war

- Jesus was a pacifist (WWJD)
- agape love
- sanctity of life
- conscientious objectors, pacifism

22

Christians for war (4)

- 'everyone should obey state authorities they have been put here by God'- Romans 13:1
- you should defend yourself and your family (extends to violence)- Pope Benedict, just war theory
- liberation theology
- stand up for beliefs

23

Quakers

- pacifists
- promote peace
- 'all disputes should be settled by peaceful means'
- world shouldn't have nuclear weapons
- trusted to sort out conflicts
- Christian group
- work with UN to reconciliation
- organise public campaigns

24

Ecumenical accompaniment programme in Palestine and Israel

- peace workers
- different denominations come together to promote peace
- formed in 2002
- supplied accompanies to live and work in disputed territories
- prevents violation of human rights
- supports peace activists

25

Islam

Means peace

26

Jihadists

Protect people with violence

27

Jihad meaning

A struggle or strive
Lesser- Struggle with an enemy
Greater- Struggle within yourself

28

When is lesser jihad permitted

Fighting in defence of freedom of religion, community or county
Must comply with conditions of Islamic law

29

War isn't a jihad if the intention is to

Force people to convert
Conquer other nations to colonise them
Take territory for economic game
Settle disputes
Demonstrate a leaders power