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Flashcards in Escape from predation Deck (20)
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1

Predator adaptations to catch prey

claws, fangs, poison, etc

2

Prey adaptations to avoid capture

hiding, fleeing, congragating

3

armadillo and roly poly

physical defense- armor

4

silkworm moth caterpiller

spines

5

Hair as physical defense

caterpillar has painful, stinging hair to protect from parastoids

6

skunks

-chemical defense = methyl mercaptan
-pattern on fur is warning

7

Aposematic coloration

warning colors
-poison dart frog
-monarch butterfly
-milkweed bugs/beetles
-hooded pitohui bird

8

physical toughness in plants

-cellulose = hard to digest
-lignin in wood = resistant to enzymatic digestion
-silica/cellulose in grass= fucks up horses teeth

9

pygmy seahorse

forms tubercles (calcified bumps) to mimic coral color

10

cuttlefish

produce pigments through chromatophors

11

inchworms and caterpillers

find plant that matches their look

12

crabweed spiders and milkweed spiders

camoflauge in center of flowers to eat pollinators

13

Batesian mimicry

unharmful animal mimics harmful animal
-fly mimics bee
-caterpiller mimics snake
-snakes are dangerous if red touches yellow

14

Mullerian mimicry

harmful mimics harmful
-monarch and viceroy butterflies
-yellowjacket and cuckoo bee

15

Escacpe in time

"predator satiation"
-mast fruiting in oaks, periodical cicadas, mayflies, century plants
-predator gets full

16

Escape in space

prickly pear
-used to be everywhere
-moth wiped it out
-now it's rare

17

feigning death/injury

kildeer bird

18

mobbing

-crows mob bald eagles
-mockingbirds mob crows

19

Aggressive behavior

frilled lizard
-california ground squirrels

20

flash patterns

deer