ethics and deviance in sport Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in ethics and deviance in sport Deck (23)
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1

definition of ethics

these are principles or rules that govern behaviour

2

definition of deviance

it describes unacceptable behaviour within a culture. any behaviour that differs from the social norm may be seen as deviant.

3

examples of legal supplements

sports drinks
vitamins and minerals
protein shakes

4

illegal drugs and doping

anabolic steroids
beta blockers
stimulants
blood doping

5

reasons why elite performers use illegal drugs

- to improve performance
- a desire to win at all costs
- psychological reasons (calm nerves, train harder)

6

consequences of using illegal drugs to society

- breaking the law
-negative publicity for nation

7

consequences of using illegal drugs to sport

-bad publicity
-results meaningless
-negative role modelling

8

consequences of using illegal drugs to performers

-improved performance
- a ban
- damage to body
- damage to mind

9

strategies to stop the use of illegal drugs

-stricter punishments
-scientific research for drug testing
- education for performers and coaches
-stronger action

10

violence definition

physical force that is directed towards harming another individual to cause a injury

11

causes- both players and spectators

-frustration - link to frustration aggression hypothesis
-pressure to win
-rivalry
-drugs

12

causes- players

- implements--- sticks
-violent nature of sport-- link to arousal theory

13

causes- spectators

-overcrowding
-peer pressure
-hooliganism

14

implications of violence to society

-cost to the tax payer from extra policing
-some seek out and enjoy violence - entertainment

15

implications of violence to sport

- bad publicity
- negative role modelling

16

implications of violence to performers

- injury, impact on fitness
- damage reputation to either player or team

17

strategies to prevent violence players

- more or better qualified officials
- change or adapt rules
-stricter punishments
-educate
- use TMO

18

strategies to prevent violence in spectators

-stricter punishments
-improve spectators facilities
-separate fans
-increase police
- more responsible media coverage

19

why does gambling occur in sport

- results are unpredictable -- element of chance
-more exciting to watch

20

is it a modern phenomenon

- been a feature of sport since ancient times
- now a worldwide business

21

concerns of gambling

-illegal
- damage-- people put out of businesses
-transactions undeclared so costs government millions in tax revenue

22

risk to gamblers

-no official records-- lose of money if refuse to pay
- punters may be enticed of events that are fixed
- unregulated-- debt problems

23

what is match fixing

when a competition is played to a predetermination result
- it is illegal = deviant