social and cultural factors shaped the characteristics of sport and pastimes in pre-industrial Britain Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in social and cultural factors shaped the characteristics of sport and pastimes in pre-industrial Britain Deck (12)
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1

upper class characteristics

landowners, wealthy, privileged, educated

2

lower class characteristics

determined by birth, worked on land, low status, uneducated, poor

3

sports for upper class

real tennis, fox hunting = sophisticated, complex rules

4

sports for lower class

mob football, bare knuckle fighting, cock fighting = often violent, few rules, often only on festive or holiday days

5

sports for both classes

pedestrianism- lower class the competitors
upper class were patrons or sponsors
links to footman

6

sports for both classes cricket

accelerated into a majority sport by gambling
upper class known as amateurs who played for fun to boost chances of winning they payed the lower class to play who were known as the professionals e.g Hambledon cricket club a very famous club of the time paid ‘players’ match fees as early as 1770.

7

gender

women - weaker sex, not take part in anything dangerous

upper class women- take part in civilised and gentle sport archery

lower class women- smock racing with a smock as a prize

8

law and order

lawlessness
upper class more educated, afford to be civilised e.g real tennis
lower class sports- violent, brutal, lack of order reflected

9

education

upper class complex rules, sophisticated --real tennis
lower class illiterate, uneducated, few/ no rules -- mob football

10

availability of time

upper class- plenty of leisure time
lower class- only play on festive days e.g mob football played annually on shrove Tuesday

11

availability of money

upper class- rich afford equipment, facilities, horses for transport, owned land -- fox hunting
lower class- no disposable income, played on existing space, rags to riches

12

type availability or transport

upper class-- opportunities to travel to facilities/ events meant rules were generalised
lower class- only could walk, unwritten rules so were unique to the village