social and cultural factors shaped the characteristics of sport and pastimes in post-industrial Britain between 1850 - 1900 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in social and cultural factors shaped the characteristics of sport and pastimes in post-industrial Britain between 1850 - 1900 Deck (12)
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1

post industrial Britain lead to...

industrialisation lead to a wealthy middle class emerging, consisting of professions such as doctors and factory owners and managers.

2

social class-- middle and upper classes

time and disposable income, took part for enjoyment e.g golf, skiing, cricket

3

availability of time-- working class

had a shorter working week than pre industrial era, Saturday became a half day and workers had a weeks paid holiday
making sports more regular e.g football

4

improvements to working class

numerous factory acts improved working conditions part of civilising process
factory owners realised benefits of sports on workers lead to work teams e.g West Ham United formed by work force at Thames Iron Works 1895

5

availability of money--

factory workers had slightly more money than pre industrial era still couldn't play to the extent of the middle and upper class led to the broken times payments

6

broken time payments

were made by sports clubs to better players who could not afford to lose wages by playing football or rugby.
led to professionalism

7

education

1870 education act lead to national state education system
working class became more educated=they could get involved in more complex ruled sports

8

law and order

police force established in London 1829
sports became more controlled with less wagering

9

gender

upper class women- more opportunities but still limited e.g lawn tennis
working class women- still no opportunity

10

transport

development of railways
meant teams could travel further- standardised rules

11

ex-public schools

often became factory owners as educated
took their knowledge of sport with them

12

what is the cult of athleticism

originated in public schools
craze, physical endeavour