Strong Inductive Arugments

Gives probable support to the conculsion

An arugments depend on its ______, not whether its true or not

Its form

A bad argument

Fails to show its conculsion is worth believing & it gives no good reasoning for a claim

Conclusion

Is the statement that is being supported by the other statements

Conditional Arguments

Have at least one conditional premise(a premise in an if-then pattern)(If p, then q)

Implicit Premise

When there is a logically gap between premise & conculsion, so readers fill in the blank (assume)

Murder is wrong; a circle is not a square are examples of what?

A statement

Deductive Arguments

Give logically conculsive support to their conculsion

What is the structure(form) of affirming the consequent?

If p, then q

q.

Therefore, p.

What are the structure(forms) of arguments that are always Invalid?

1. Denying the antecedent

2. Affirming the consequent

What is the structure(form) of a hypothetical syllogism?

If p, then q

If q, then r

Therefore, if p, then r

For a statement to be accepted, it needs _______ ________ to back it up

Good Reasoning( The better the reasons the more likely to accept it)

Through moral reasoing we determine what is _______ & _______

Right & Wrong

What are the two parts of a conditional premise?

1. Antecedent

2. Consequent

Hypothetical syllogism

Is a conditional 3-statment deductive arugment

Implicit premise must always _____ in content with the author's message & theme

Stay in content

Arugmentation (the presentation of an argument)

Is when you present reasons why a particular assertion is true

It is reasonable to suppose that, odds are, & chances are, are what type of indicators words?

Inductive arugment indicators

Statement

is an assertion that something is true or false

If Maria walks to work, then she will be late

She will not walk to work

Therefore, she will not be late..... is an example of what?

Denying the antecedent

Arugment

Is a group of statements, where one statement is supported by the rest

What is the form of Modus Ponens?

If p, then q

p.

Therefore, q.

If maria walks to work, then she will be late

She is walking to work

Therefore, she will be late... is an example of what?

Arugment's structure

Independent Premise

Supports a conculsion without relying on other premise

Sound Arguments

Is a valid arugment with true premise

But there were no such indications... is an example of what?

Dependent Premise

Inductive Arguments

Offer only probable support for their conculsion

What is the form of denying the antecedent?

If p, then q.

not p.

Therefore, not q

Thus, So, It must be that, & as a result are what type of indicator words?

Conculsion Indicators

Valid Arguments

If the premise is true then, the conculsion is true