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Flashcards in Evaluating Moral Arguments Deck (64)
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1

Strong Inductive Arugments 

Gives probable support to the conculsion

2

An arugments depend on its ______, not whether its true or not 

Its form 

3

A bad argument

Fails to show its conculsion is worth believing & it gives no good reasoning for a claim

4

Conclusion 

Is the statement that is being supported by the other statements 

5

Conditional Arguments 

Have at least one conditional premise(a premise in an if-then pattern)(If p, then q)

6

Implicit Premise

When there is a logically gap between premise & conculsion, so readers fill in the blank (assume)

7

Murder is wrong; a circle is not a square are examples of what? 

A statement 

8

Deductive Arguments 

Give logically conculsive support to their conculsion 

9

What is the structure(form) of affirming the consequent?

If p, then q

q.

Therefore, p.

10

What are the structure(forms) of arguments that are always Invalid?

1. Denying the antecedent

2. Affirming the consequent

11

What is the structure(form) of a hypothetical syllogism?

If p, then q

If q, then r

Therefore, if p, then r

12

For a statement to be accepted, it needs _______ ________ to back it up 

Good Reasoning( The better the reasons the more likely to accept it) 

13

Through moral reasoing we determine what is _______ & _______

Right & Wrong 

14

What are the two parts of a conditional premise?

1. Antecedent 

2. Consequent 

15

Hypothetical syllogism 

Is a conditional 3-statment deductive arugment 

16

Implicit premise must always _____  in content with the author's message & theme

Stay in content

17

Arugmentation (the presentation of an argument)

Is when you present reasons why a particular assertion is true 

18

It is reasonable to suppose that, odds are, & chances are, are what type of indicators words? 

Inductive arugment indicators 

19

Statement 

is an assertion that something is true or false 

20

If Maria walks to work, then she will be late 

She will not walk to work

Therefore, she will not be late..... is an example of what?

Denying the antecedent 

21

Arugment 

Is a group of statements, where one statement is supported by the rest 

22

What is the form of Modus Ponens?

If p, then q

p. 

Therefore, q.

23

If maria walks to work, then she will be late

She is walking to work

Therefore, she will be late... is an example of what?

Arugment's structure 

24

Independent Premise

Supports a conculsion without relying on other premise 

25

Sound Arguments 

Is a valid arugment with true premise 

26

But there were no such indications... is an example of what?

Dependent Premise

27

Inductive Arguments 

Offer only probable support for their conculsion

28

What is the form of denying the antecedent?

If p, then q.

not p. 

Therefore, not q

29

Thus, So, It must be that, & as a result are what type of indicator words?

Conculsion Indicators

30

Valid Arguments 

If the premise is true then, the conculsion is true