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Flashcards in Moral Reasoning & Contemporary Issues Deck (33)
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1

Nonmoral premise affirms that the ____________ does apply to the particular case

General Moral Principle

2

Moral Statement 

A statement affirming that an actions is right or worng or that a person is good or bad 

3

Straw man 

The misreprsenting of someone's claim/statement so it can more easily refuted 

4

Reasons for a claim in a moral essay,convo,argument is to state how it _________ peoples lives 

Affects people lives (negatively or positively) 

5

Committing a violent act to defend yourself against physical attack is moral permissible

Assaulting someone who is attacking you is a violent act of self defense 

Therefore, assaulting someone who is attacking you is morally permissible.... is an example of what?

Moral Argument 

6

Wrong, Should, ought, good & immoral are what type of indicator words?

Moral argument indiciators 

7

Nonmoral arguments may _______ a state of affairs that touches on ________ concerns, without being moral arguments 

Describe a state of affairs, Moral Concerns 

8

If a inductive argument is strong & premise is true then its __________ argument 

Cogent Argument

9

A moral claim should be stated clear _______ in the convo/essay

Early (usually in the beginning) 

10

Moral arguments need a moral premise to ________________ & at least one nonmoral premise ________________

To affirm a moral principle / rule & About a state  of affairs (Usually a specific type of action) 

11

Point of a moral issue is to reslove it by determing whether the ____________ is true or not

Moral Claim/Statment

12

There must be a thorough assessment of _______to your argument& its conculsion to show _______

Objections, show creditabilty

13

Good moral essay/Conversations have what essential elements?

1. A claim to be proved

2.  An Argument for or against claim 

3. Consideration of alternative views 

14

Many people think capital punishment is wrong

Jena did not lie

You treated him as he treated you 

Tania tries to be a good person 

Animals are treated cruelly...are examples of what 

Nonmoral Arguments/Statements 

15

If a deductive argumet is valid & premise is true then its _______ argument 

Sound argument 

16

Nonmoral premise must be supported by ______ reasons 

Good reasons (that are backed up from scienific research, opionion of experts , etc) 

17

In an essay the objection is usally _______ an argument is present & for a convo objection can occur ________ the convo

After an argument, throughout

18

To find implicit premise in moral arguments, have to treat it as __________ 

Deductive Arguments

19

The structure of a moral argument 

Contains: 

1. Premise - where one premise is moral & other is nonmoral 

2. Conculsion- which is a moral statement/argument 

20

Have to be aware of  the ______ ______ & ________ inserting into a discussion 

Straw man & fallacy 

21

Moral argument conculsions are always a _______ _________

Moral statment 

22

Juan argues that using illicit drugs is morally right, but I think hes wrong... is an example of what?

Moral argument

23

Capital punishment is wrong 

Jena should not have lied

You ought to treat him as he treated you... are all examples of what? 

Moral Statements 

24

Setting forth an argument involves explaining, amplifying each _______ and supporting them with _________

Premise, Evidence

25

For moral argument its critical that _______ premise are clear 

Implicit Premise

26

Moral argument must have at least one premise that is ________ & another that is ________

One premise that is moral and another that is nonmoral 

27

The reasons the claim is worth discussing is presented _______ in the essay/ convo

Early

28

Need a moral statement / premise because can't infer a ________ conculsion from a nonmoral premise

Moral conculsion, there would be a logically gap between premise & conculsion 

29

Use ____________ to examine moral arguments

Counterexamples

30

When checking a moral premise against counter examples, want to write it in a way that it escapes all ________________

Counterexamples

31

A nonmoral statement is needed because a moral statement is a moral principle about board category of actions, therefore need a nonmoral statement to ______ the _______& ______

Link, the moral premise & conculsion

32

Moral arguments are _________ that move ethical thinking & discourse along 

Vechicles 

33

Nonmoral Statements 

They dont affirm if an action is good or bad but they assert that a state of affairs is actually true or not