Goldman uses what example to prove the importance of autonomy?
How is the principle of autonomy applied to clincal settings?
Healthcare workers should allow people who are rational to decide what sort of treatement they are to receive
How does the principle of beneficence apply to clincal settings?
Healthcare workers should perform procedures that will heal their patients and prevent their illness
P1: Giving HCW priority care for COVID is the only way to ensure that there are enough HCW to treat future COVID patients
P2: Ensuring that there are enough HCW to treat future COVID patients is the only to ensure that we maximize overall utility
C1: Giving HCW priority care for COVID is the only way to ensure that overall utility is maximized
P3: We should ensure that overall utility is maximized
C2: We should give HCW priority care for COVID
The Utilitarian argument in favor of prioritizing
What does Harris think should be taken into account to determine how to use healthcare resources?
Always save the greatest number of lives
P1: Health care workers (HWC) have willingly accepted some level of personal risk as part of their job
P2: If HWC have willingly accepted personal risks as part of their job , then they should not receive special treatment when they are harmed by those risks
C1: HCW should not receive special treatment when they are harmed by the risks they've willingly accepted
P3: Giving HCW priority care for COVID would be giving them special treatment for the risk thye've willingly accepted
C2: HCW should not receive priority care for COVID
The known Risk Argument against proritization
How does the principle of utility apply to clincal settings?
When healthcare workers cant help everyone (or harm someone) they should perform those procedures that will maxiize overall well-being as much as possible
Collective-Other Regarding reasons
Reasons you have to do something for the sake of contributing to some collective good even ifothers dont contribute
Blitze rejects the known risk argument by saying what ?
Willingly accepting personal risk doesnt mean that they dont also deserve special treatment when they get sick, especially while helping others
Which moral reasoning does Rieder belives can actually explain why we should social dsitance?
Collective-Other -Regarding Reasons
What are Cullen's & Klein view on telling patients the truth?
Doctors are morally required to tell their patients the truth & by not telling them the truth disrespects the autonomy of the patient
Invloves restricting the autonomy of a person whose rational abilities are dimished for their own good
Self -Regarding Reasons
Reasons you have to do something for your won sake
What are the two forms of paternalism?
1. Weak Paternalism
2. Strong Paternalism
How does Harris respong to the argument in favor of QALY?
Just because we can use QALY for a single person doesnt mean that we should do it for everyone
What was Flanigan Analogy?
She compared it to shooting stray bullets in the air
Doctor- Patient Confidentility
Prohibits the disclosure of a patient's protected health information to parties not involved in that patient's healthcare
Absolute Moral Principles
Rules that dont allow for any exceptions and so must always be followed
In the case where it may be permissible to act in the patient's interest even if doing so goes against their own wishes, conflict between what two moral principle arise?
1. Principle of autonomy
2. Principle of beneficence
Individual -Other regarding reasons
Reasons you have to do something for the sake of others
The principle of beneficenece
We should promote the well-being of other and prevent their harm or injury
QALY attempts to measure the value of a life by taking what into account?
1. A person's years of life
2. The quality of those life years
What four ways can autonomy be restricted due to illness?
1. Physical Constraints on autonomy
2. Cognitive Constraints on autonomy
3. Psychological Constraint of autonomy
4. Social Constraints on autonomy
What are moral principles?
Moral Principles are general rules that tell us how we should act with respect to morality
Involves restricting the autonomy of a person whose rational abilities are not diminished for their own good
The principle of autonomy
We should allow persons who are autonomous to exercise their capacity of self - determination
What is Chen's response to the Utilitarianargument in favor of prioritizing?
That there are other ways to ensure there is enough HCW for COVID for exampe trainig new healthe care workersto be able to take the place of the current ones
How does chen respond to the reciprocity argument in favor of prioritizing HCW?
By generalizing the argument to essential workers
Quality life score of 0 represents what?
A quality life score between 0 & 1 represents what?
Less than full health