Flashcards in Exam 1 Deck (88)
Patient presents with S/S of pneumonia. What do they need?
Patient presents with burning on urination and flank pain. What do they need?
Patient presents with pain in the right upper quadrant of the abdomen. What do they need?
Liver function test
Patient presents with signs and symptoms of anemia. What do they need?
A fasting blood sugar level less than 100 mg/dL (5.6 mmol/L) is considered...
A fasting blood sugar level from 100 to 125 mg/dL (5.6 to 6.9 mmol/L) is considered...
A fasting blood sugar level 126 mg/dL (7 mmol/L) or higher on two separate tests is considered...
Patient presents with mid back pain. The history includes polyuria, polydipsia and family members with adult onset diabetes. What 2 tests should you order?
UA and FBS (fasting blood sugar)
Patient presents with mid back pain. The history includes polyuria, polydipsia and family members with adult onset diabetes. What is the Dx and what do you do????
--UA reveals 3+ glucose and ketones
--FBS levels are 325 mg/dl
Diabetes Melitus and Ketosis
--concurrent care for diabetic care
All labs are governed by...
CLIA (clinical laboratory improvement amendments)
A patient with a UTI may have subluxations in what spinal region?
A patient with liver disease may have subluxations in what spinal region?
T5 - T9
Kidneys are involved in the production what hormone that stimulates RBC production, and renin, an enzyme for controlling blood pressure.
Routine UA consists of what 3 things?
1.) physical properties
2.) chemical properties
3.) microscopic properties
What is the functional uni of the kidney?
The glomerular filtrate becomes urine after it leaves...
distal convoluted tubule
What are the 7 principle solutes of urine?
The body excretes approximately how many grams of dissolved material/24 hours
--one half is what?
--half is urea
Urine formation is a result of what 3 things?
What % of urine is water?
95% water; 5% dissolved solids
What is the average daily volume of urine?
--normal range is 600-2000 ml/day
What is it called when:
-- > 2000 ml/24 hours
What is it called when:
-- < 500 ml/24 hours
What is it called wen you have an absence of urine?
What is it called when the patient has excessive water intake?
What are 2 causes of polyuria?
-- Diabetes melitus
-- Diabetes Insipidus
What are 3 causes of oliguria?
--renal tubule dysfunction
--end stage renal disease
What are 3 causes of anuria?
When is the best time to perform a UA?