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Flashcards in Exam 1 Deck (88)
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1

Patient presents with S/S of pneumonia. What do they need?

Chest films

2

Patient presents with burning on urination and flank pain. What do they need?

Kidney test

3

Patient presents with pain in the right upper quadrant of the abdomen. What do they need?

Liver function test

4

Patient presents with signs and symptoms of anemia. What do they need?

CBC test

5

A fasting blood sugar level less than 100 mg/dL (5.6 mmol/L) is considered...

normal

6

A fasting blood sugar level from 100 to 125 mg/dL (5.6 to 6.9 mmol/L) is considered...

prediabetes

7

A fasting blood sugar level 126 mg/dL (7 mmol/L) or higher on two separate tests is considered...

diabetes.

8

Patient presents with mid back pain. The history includes polyuria, polydipsia and family members with adult onset diabetes. What 2 tests should you order?

UA and FBS (fasting blood sugar)

9

Patient presents with mid back pain. The history includes polyuria, polydipsia and family members with adult onset diabetes. What is the Dx and what do you do????
--UA reveals 3+ glucose and ketones
--FBS levels are 325 mg/dl

Diabetes Melitus and Ketosis
--concurrent care for diabetic care

10

All labs are governed by...

CLIA (clinical laboratory improvement amendments)

11

A patient with a UTI may have subluxations in what spinal region?

lumbar region

12

A patient with liver disease may have subluxations in what spinal region?

T5 - T9

13

Kidneys are involved in the production what hormone that stimulates RBC production, and renin, an enzyme for controlling blood pressure.

erythropoitin

14

Routine UA consists of what 3 things?

1.) physical properties
2.) chemical properties
3.) microscopic properties

15

What is the functional uni of the kidney?

nephron

16

The glomerular filtrate becomes urine after it leaves...

distal convoluted tubule

17

What are the 7 principle solutes of urine?

--urea
--sodium
--chloride
--potassium
--creatinine
--uric acid
--ammonia

18

The body excretes approximately how many grams of dissolved material/24 hours
--one half is what?

60 grams
--half is urea

19

Urine formation is a result of what 3 things?

--glomerular filtration
--tubular reabsorption
--tubular secretion

20

What % of urine is water?

95% water; 5% dissolved solids

21

What is the average daily volume of urine?

1200-1500 ml
--normal range is 600-2000 ml/day

22

What is it called when:
-- > 2000 ml/24 hours

polyuria

23

What is it called when:
-- < 500 ml/24 hours

oliguria

24

What is it called wen you have an absence of urine?

anuria

25

What is it called when the patient has excessive water intake?

polydipsia

26

What are 2 causes of polyuria?

-- Diabetes melitus
-- Diabetes Insipidus

27

What are 3 causes of oliguria?

--renal tubule dysfunction
--end stage renal disease
--obstruction

28

What are 3 causes of anuria?

--renal failure
--obstruction
--heart attack

29

When is the best time to perform a UA?

early morning

30

When does a UA begin to decompose?

--w/in 30 min at room temp
--w/in 4 hrs if refigerated