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Flashcards in Exam 1 Clinical Deck (20):
1

- Unilateral condition, both pec. major & minor are missing
- Atrophy of the mammary gland
- Absence of several ribs
- Hand on affected side is smaller & shows webbing b/t digits

Poland's Syndrome

2

- Hereditary condition in which ossification is defective
- Clavicle is missing or abnormally formed
- Bilateral in most pt.

Cleidocranial Dysostosis

3

- Undescended scapula brought about by attachment to cervical vertebrae by either bone, cartilage or fibrous attachment
- Normally unilateral

Sprengel's Deformity

4

Failure of the acromion process to fuse to the rest of the scapula

Os Acromidae

5

Breast caner: The tumors are of the ________ variety & usually arise from epithelial cells in the lactiferous ducts

Adenocarcinoma

6

- Benign tumors are much more common than cancerous growth
- the most common benign tumors are cyst
- These cyst are common after the menstrual periods of hormonal irregularities

Chronic Cystic Mastitis (Fibrocystic Disease)

7

Nipple discharge
- not associated w/ pregnancy or lactation

Galactorrhea

8

Enlargement & development of breast tissue in males

Gynecomastia

9

Main area to occur a fracture of the Humerus

Anatomical & surgical necks, greater & lesser tubercles, shaft and the distal end

10

Nerves that can be vulnerable to damage w/ fractures of the humerus

- Axillary
- Humeral circumflex blood vessels (surgical neck)
- Radial nerve (shaft)
- Median & ulnar nerves, brachial blood vessels (distal end)

11

Complete loss of muscular movement

Paralysis

12

Movement can be performed but is weak (incomplete paralysis)

Paresis

13

Partial or complete loss of sensation w/ or w/o loss of consciousness

Anesthesia

14

Loss of cutaneous sensation

Paresthesia

15

Injury to the upper roots (spinal nerves) of the brachial plexus

Erb- duchenne Palsy

16

- Traction injury that results from excessive increase in the angle b/t the neck and shoulder
- C5 -C6 are damaged or compromised

Erb- Duchenne Palsy

17

Injury to the lower roots (spinal nerves) of the brachial plexus C8 - T1

Klumpke's Plasy

18

- Result from prolonged hyperabduction of the arm during certain manual task
- Cords are impinged or compressed resulting in paresthesia, erythema (redness of skin)

Compression of the cords of the brachial plexus

19

- Condition where there is both compression of the cords of the brachial plexus & the axillary artery
- symptoms will include both neurological & vascular

Thoracic Outlet Syndrome (TOS)

20

- Neurological symptoms include pain and paraesthesia
- vascular symptoms are usually decreased skin temp. & fatigue of the limb

Thoracic Outlet Syndrome (TOS)