Exam 2; Aggressive Periodontitis Flashcards Preview

AU14 Periodontology > Exam 2; Aggressive Periodontitis > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 2; Aggressive Periodontitis Deck (22):
1

What are the overall characteristics of AP

non-contributary medical history
rapid attachment and bone loss
familial aggregation
lack of consistency between bacterial deposits and severity of breakdown

2

This is important when recognizing AP

early detection

3

Which group of people is more prone to AP

children/adolescents

4

What are four specific indicators of AP

marginal bone loss
presence of clinical attachment loss
increased probing depths
plaque

5

There is an absence of this when diagnosing the localized form of AP

systemic disease that may severely compromise host response or lead to premature exfoliation of teeth

6

What is the distribution of localized AP

not more than 2 teeth are affected in addition to the first molars and incisors

7

What is the clinical outcome of LAP

severe destruction of periodontal tissues in a short time

8

What are two possible reasons for destructive process

aggressive causative agents
high level of susceptibility

9

What is one of the main bacterial etiologies in LAP

AA

10

This is one of the main pathologies of AA

leukotoxin

11

These levels are pretty high in regards to AA

Ab levels
IgG2 levels

12

What are some genetic factors of LAP

familial aggregation
most likely substantial genetic polymorphism
proposed model = autosomal dominant

13

This has been shown to increase the likelihood of GAP but not so much LAP

smoking

14

L/GAP is what type of factorial disease

multifactorial disease

15

L/GAP can result from an imbalance in what

host genes and environment

16

This is necessary to cause L/GAP

exposure to a pathogen and the host's inability to deal with it to avoid damage

17

This of L/GAP is determined by modifying environmental (smoking) or genetic factors

phenotype

18

What is the pathogenesis of AP

normal to LAP to GAP

19

What two things can cause normal to go to LAP

exposure to bacterial infection; AA
genetic predisposition

20

What three things can cause LAP to go to GAP

smoking
other bacteria
genetic modifying factors

21

What are some questions to answer when diagnosing L/GAP

is there periodontitis
match of plaque/calculus/local factors with periodontal destruction
systemic component
microbiological diagnosis
other family members
host defenses

22

What are four treatment principles of L/GAP

referral to a periodontist
elimination or suppression of microflora
address environmental factors
provide environment conducive to long term maintenance