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Flashcards in Final; Periodontal Risk Deck (20):
1

What is risk assessment

a statistical evaluation to determine how much you would like to gamble
the ability to define what may happen in the future and the choose among alternatives

2

What are three properties of risk assessment

contains numerous components
is the probability of contracting the disease
varies between individuals

3

What are the four steps in the process of risk assessment

identification of factors
development of risk assessment model
assessment of populations
targeting prevention or intervention

4

What are four characteristics of risk factors

environment, behavioral, or biological factors
increase likelihood of disease
causal chain → disease occurrence
exposure before disease onset

5

True or False
The risk factor must be there before the disease

True

6

What are the two known risk factors in the periodontium

diabetes
smoking

7

What is odds ratio

its a way of comparing whether the probability of a certain event is the same for two groups

8

What is the odds ratio for smoking and diabetes

smoking - 2.5 to 3.7
diabetes - 2.8 to 3.4

9

What is a risk determinant

its a risk factor that cannot be modified
genetics, age, gender (men > women), SE status

10

What is a risk indicator

a probable or putative risk factor
identified in cross-sectional studies, but not confirmed in longitudinal studies

11

What are four examples of risk indicators

microbiota
inflammation
HIV/AIDS
osteoporosis

12

What is a risk predictor

associated with elevated risk of disease
may not be part of the casual chain
identified in cross sectional or longitudinal studies
useful for determining who is at risk, but not identifying likely interventions

13

What are examples of risk predictors

previous periodontal disease
BOP
remaining teeth <28
periodontal support relative to age
calculus
furcations

14

What is a prognostic factor

an environmental, behavioral, or biologic factor
directly effects the probability of positive outcome when therapy is rendered
may also be considered a risk factor

15

What are four examples of a prognostic factor

extent/severity of presenting disease
level of oral hygiene
infrequent dental visits
smoking

16

What four things are needed for a clinical risk assessment

demographic data
medical history
dental history
clinical examination

17

Once an at risk patient is identified and a diagnosis is made, what can occur

their treatment plan can be modified

18

What are the four steps of risk assessment

determine risk
modification of prognosis
modification of treatment plan
patient education

19

What is an etiologic factor

a variable contributing to the cause of disease

20

What is the risk assessment variable

a variable associated with increased chance of developing disease