physiological abnormalities associated with renal failure
factors effecting an epidural block
order of blockade of nerve fibers after placement of a block
drugs to avoid or limit dose of for ESRD
sevoflurane (<2 L/min)
rate of spread of lumbar epidural due to?
distribution of the local
estimation of GFR - which lab test?
Men: 95-140 mL/min
Women: 85-125 mL/min
anatomical segments of brachial plexus
allergic reactions more common from what type of local anesthetics
differences between spinal and epidural anesthesia
spinal - one shot, usually stronger (motor and sensory), deeper (subarachnoid),
epidural- dosed, left in for days, usually just sensory, in epidural space
Tx for post-dural puncture headache
supportive -> caffeine, supine, dark room
Final -> blood patch
spinal cord anatomy
most common cause of ESRD?