Restrictive Lung Disease Flashcards Preview

AP: Cumulative > Restrictive Lung Disease > Flashcards

Flashcards in Restrictive Lung Disease Deck (18):
1

What does PTA stand for?

Prior to admission

2

What does DOE stand for?

Dyspnea on exertion

3

On an x-ray honeycombing and relatively hyperlucent areas are indicative of what disease?

Pulmonary fibrosis

4

Asthma, bronchiectasis, chronic bronchitis, cystic fibrosis, and emphysema are all examples of what type of lung disease?

Obstructive

5

Define restrictive lung disease

Lung disease wherein lung volumes are decreased either by parenchymal changes or by disease of the pleura, Chest wall, or neuromuscular function

6

What are some of the clinical findings of restrictive lung disease?

Progressive exertional dyspnea
Dry cough
Hemoptysis
Pleuritic chest pain
Hypoxemia

7

Restrictive lung disease can be divided into What two classifications?

Parenchymal
Extraparenchymal

8

What are some examples of parenchymal etiology?

Interstitial inflammation
Interstitial fibrosis
Airspace congestion with exudate or debris

9

What are some examples of extraparenchymal etiology?

Chestwall
Pleurae
Neuromuscular

10

How is kyphoscoliosis related to restrictive lung disease?

It causes a loss of volume due to chest wall changes

11

Be sure to look at all of the pictures

Because we all know Dr. Hall likes to put up the same picture 50 times and then just talk about it and not give us any real notes

12

Coalworkers disease is an example of what type of restrictive lung disease?

Parenchymal

13

What are some examples of parenchymal restrictive lung disease?

If you can't pronounce it and it ends with "sis" it's probably parenchymal....
Aluminosis
Ankylosing spondylitis
Bagassosis
Byssinosis
Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage
Drug induced
Sarcoidosis
Scleroderma

14

What are some examples of extraparenchymal restrictive lung disease?

Kyphoscoliosis
Obesity (morbid or otherwise)
Thoracoplasty
Pleural-based. Disease

15

List some of the ways the pleurae can become damaged...

Chylothorax
Fibrothorax
Hemothorax
Pneumothorax
Pleural effusion

16

What are some symptoms of hypoxia?

Bluish tint and clubbing of the nailbeds

17

What are some important ventilation Considerations when managing restrictive lung disease intraop?

They will have a decreased lung compliance
Avoid high airway pressures
Use lower flows

18

Sorry the cards for this lecture suck

It was the best I could do with a Dr. Hall lecture....