Flashcards in Hazards, Precautions, Etc. Deck (61)
How many hospitalized patients in the US acquire 1 or more healthcare associated infections?
5-10% or 2 million people a year
What does HAI stand for?
What are the 4 most prevalent infections?
Urinary tract infections (catheter associated 35%)
Surgical site infections (20%, but 1/3 of the costs)
Bloodstream infections (15%)
Pneumonia (15% and usually ventilator-associated. accounts for 25% of mortality)
What organization makes the rules for ensuring workers have safe working environment?
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
What organization enforces the rules and standards set forth?
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
What is methylmethacrylate?
Glue used in ortho rooms that can cause respiratory and genitourinary problems
What anesthetic vapor was known to cause/increase likelihood of Hepatitis and therefore is no longer used?
What patient population is automatically treated as having a latex allergy?
Spina bifida (congenital birth defect)
What does PPE stand for?
Proper precautions equipment
You should stand at least _____ ft away from radiation to be safe for a 1 time zap IE. chest x-ray in PACU
Name the 4 risks associated with lasers?
What should healthcare personnel always wear in room with lasers?
Proper eye protection and high-efficiency laser mask
What percent of error in anesthesia management is attributed to fatigue?
64% by far the highest
For transmission of infection to occur, what must be present/required
Infectivity of agent
Portal of entry
What respiratory infections can be transmitted by aerosolization (coughing sneezing airborne)
What respiratory infections can be transmitted by self inoculation (direct)
Respiratory syncital virus (RSV)
This disease leads to 36 K deaths a year, is very easily transmitted, and pt should be isolated bc disease is shed for 5 days
T OR F: If a patient has measles, mumps, or rubella, they can still have surgery?
FALSE--no surgery for these patients
All about rubeola:
Carries fever and 3 c's: cough, coryza,and conjunctivitis
All about rubella:
aka german measles
most adults immune
Can cause birth defects and miscarriages in 1st trimester
All about mumps:
transmitted by airborne droplets
swelling of salivary and parotid glands
most often seen in children 5-9 YO
All about respiratory syncytial virus (RSV):
most severe cause of lower respiratory disease in children
transmitted by self-inoculation--Infected children can shed virus for 7 days
viable on skin for 6 hours
can have recurrent asthma for 6 months
What is the common cold called?
What are the 3 types of Herpes virus?
HSV 1 & 2
All about VZV:
aka chicken pox and shingles
transmitted to immuno-compromised patients
communicability 1-2 days before pt will show symptoms and lasts 5-6 days
All about herpes simplex type 1:
severe oral lesions and pt has fever
transmitted by self-inoculation
can lead to encephalitis
All about cytomegalovirus (CMV):
usually in childhood
transmitted by direct contact
can spread to fetus during pregnancy
Which is the "bad guy" of hepatitis?
transmitted by blood/body fluids
All about Hepatitis B:
seroconversion up to 30%
can develop cirrhosis and ESLD
HBV primary prevention strategy