Exam 3 - Most commons!!! Flashcards Preview

PTH560 Pathology > Exam 3 - Most commons!!! > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 3 - Most commons!!! Deck (38):
1

What is the most common cause of chronic kidney disease?

1st = Diabetes (2nd = HTN?)
-increased incidence in afro-americans due to HTN

2

What is the MCC of ESRD?

US = DM, HTN
Worldwide = glomerular diseases

3

What is the MCC of a UTI?

Fecal associated bacteria. E. coli (80%)

4

What is the MCC of primary amenorrhea?

Constitutional (growth) delay

5

What is the MCC of secondary amenorrhea?

Pregnancy

6

What is the MCC of ED in young men?

-psychogenic

7

What is the MCC of ED in men >50 y/o

-vascular insufficiency

8

What is the most common cancer in adult males?

Prostate cancer

9

What is the most common nongonococcal cause of septic arthritis?

S. aureus

10

What is the most common cause of septic arthritis in urban areas?

Neisseria gonorrhoeae

11

MCC of osteomyelitis? Most common bug?

Sepsis that spreads to bone.
-hematogenous spread (from blood infection)
-S. aureus

12

What is the most common site in bone of osteomyelitis?

-area of best blood supply
-metaphysis

13

What is the most common site of osteomyelitis in kids?

Tibia and fibula

14

What is the most common benign tumor (of bone)?

Osteochrondroma

15

What is the most common malignancy of bone?

Metastasis (from somewhere else)

16

What is the most common primary bone cancer?

Osteosarcoma

17

What is the MCC of dwarfism?

Achondroplasia

18

What is the most common childhood muscular dystrophy?

Duchenne muscular dystrophy

19

What is the most common adult muscular dystrophy?

Myotonic dystrophy

20

Single most common joint disease

Osteoarthritis

21

Most common location of chondrosarcoma

Pelvis

22

Most common joint for osteochondritis dissecans

knee

23

Most common metabolic bone disease

Osteoporosis (dec bone mass)

24

2nd most common metabolic bone disease

Paget’s disease (abnormal remodeling)

25

Most common cause of ischemic stroke

Atherosclerotic

26

Most common location of thrombotic stroke

MCA: middle cerebral artery

27

Most common location of intracerebral hemorrhage

Basal ganglia

28

Most common cause of subarachnoid hemorrhage

Rupture of berry aneurysm

29

Most common location of berry aneurysm

ACA with anterior communicating branch

30

MCC of lacunar infarcts

HTN (arteriosclerosis)

31

Most common demyelinating disease

Multiple sclerosis

32

MCC of viral meningitis

Coxsackievirus

33

MCC of bacterial meningitis in neonates

Strep. agalactie

34

MCC of bacterial meningitis in kids/adults >18 y/o

Strep. pneumoniae

35

Most common fungal CNS infection in AIDS

Fungal meningitis – Cryptococcus neoformans

36

Most common neuroglial tumor

Astrocytoma

37

Most common benign brain tumor in adults

Meningioma

38

Most common malignancy of brain

Due to metastasis. From Lungs (most common)