Flashcards in Exam 3 - Most commons!!! Deck (38):
What is the most common cause of chronic kidney disease?
1st = Diabetes (2nd = HTN?)
-increased incidence in afro-americans due to HTN
What is the MCC of ESRD?
US = DM, HTN
Worldwide = glomerular diseases
What is the MCC of a UTI?
Fecal associated bacteria. E. coli (80%)
What is the MCC of primary amenorrhea?
Constitutional (growth) delay
What is the MCC of secondary amenorrhea?
What is the MCC of ED in young men?
What is the MCC of ED in men >50 y/o
What is the most common cancer in adult males?
What is the most common nongonococcal cause of septic arthritis?
What is the most common cause of septic arthritis in urban areas?
MCC of osteomyelitis? Most common bug?
Sepsis that spreads to bone.
-hematogenous spread (from blood infection)
What is the most common site in bone of osteomyelitis?
-area of best blood supply
What is the most common site of osteomyelitis in kids?
Tibia and fibula
What is the most common benign tumor (of bone)?
What is the most common malignancy of bone?
Metastasis (from somewhere else)
What is the most common primary bone cancer?
What is the MCC of dwarfism?
What is the most common childhood muscular dystrophy?
Duchenne muscular dystrophy
What is the most common adult muscular dystrophy?
Single most common joint disease
Most common location of chondrosarcoma
Most common joint for osteochondritis dissecans
Most common metabolic bone disease
Osteoporosis (dec bone mass)
2nd most common metabolic bone disease
Paget’s disease (abnormal remodeling)
Most common cause of ischemic stroke
Most common location of thrombotic stroke
MCA: middle cerebral artery
Most common location of intracerebral hemorrhage
Most common cause of subarachnoid hemorrhage
Rupture of berry aneurysm
Most common location of berry aneurysm
ACA with anterior communicating branch
MCC of lacunar infarcts
Most common demyelinating disease
MCC of viral meningitis
MCC of bacterial meningitis in neonates
MCC of bacterial meningitis in kids/adults >18 y/o
Most common fungal CNS infection in AIDS
Fungal meningitis – Cryptococcus neoformans
Most common neuroglial tumor
Most common benign brain tumor in adults